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News articles about "Ecosystems"

First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world

marine, Marine
Under the microscope they look like they could be from another planet but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers To begin to identify where when and how much ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide spurs wetlands to absorb more carbon

Carbon, carbon
form molecules of three carbon atoms during photosynthesis and they tend to photosynthesize more as atmospheric CO2 rises C4 plants form molecules of four carbon atoms But for C4 plants photosynthesis is saturated with CO2 ... - Read More

'Peak oil' concerns should ease, experts predict

Substitution, Substitution
Fears of depleting Earth's supply of oil are unwarranted according to new research which concludes that the demand for oil as opposed to the supply will reach its own peak and then decline Peak oil ... - Read More

Trees use water more efficiently as atmospheric carbon dioxide rises

Atmospheric
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More

Researchers warn of legacy mercury in the environment

Environment, Mercury
Environmental researchers at Harvard University have published evidence that significant reductions in mercury emissions will be necessary just to stabilize current levels of the toxic element in the environment So much mercury persists in surface ... - Read More

Declines in ecosystem productivity fueled by nitrogen-induced species loss

Nitrogen, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, nitrogen
Humans have been affecting their environment since the ancestors of Homo sapiens first walked upright but never has their impact been more detrimental than in the 21st century The loss of biodiversity has much greater ... - Read More

Nuke test radiation can fight poachers who kill elephants, rhinos, hippos

Radiation, Radiation, Radiation
University of Utah researchers developed a new weapon to fight poachers who kill elephants hippos rhinos and other wildlife By measuring radioactive carbon 14 deposited in tusks and teeth by open air nuclear bomb tests ... - Read More

Predators affect the carbon cycle, study shows

A new study shows that the predator prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem This previously unmeasured influence on the environment may offer a new way of looking at biodiversity management ... - Read More

'Cold snap' 116 million years ago triggered marine ecosystem crisis

Ecosystem, Ecosystem, marine, Marine
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Global cooling as significant as global warming, study of marine ecosystems during Cretaceous period shows

Ecosystems
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Study of oceans' past raises worries about their future

Oceans
The ocean the Titanic sailed through just over 100 years ago was very different from the one we swim in today Global warming is increasing ocean temperatures and harming marine food webs Nitrogen run off ... - Read More

Fossil kangaroo teeth reveal mosaic of Pliocene ecosystems in Queensland

The teeth of a kangaroo and other extinct marsupials reveal that southeastern Queensland 2.5 5 million years ago was a mosaic of tropical forests wetlands and grasslands and much less arid than previously thought The ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More

New theory proposes solution to long-running debate as to how stable the Earth system is

System, Earth system, Solution
Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed an answer to the long running debate as to how stable the Earth system is Earth with its core driven magnetic field oceans of liquid water dynamic ... - Read More

Leakage of carbon from land to rivers, lakes, estuaries and coastal regions revealed

Carbon, carbon
When carbon is emitted by human activities into the atmosphere it is generally thought that about half remains in the atmosphere and the remainder is stored in the oceans and on land New research suggests ... - Read More

Alpine lakes reflect climate change

Increases in temperature as a result of climate change are mirrored in lake waters where temperatures are also on the rise A new study by Dr Martin Dokulil retired researcher from the Institute for Limnology ... - Read More

Diet likely changed game for some hominids 3.5 million years ago

Carbon, carbon
A new look at the diets of ancient African hominids shows a game changer occurred about 3.5 million years ago when some members added grasses or sedges to their menus according to a new study ... - Read More
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