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News articles about "Ecosystems"

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

Climate change: Termites, fungi play more important role in decomposition than temperature

Climate change models could have a thing or two to learn from termites and fungi according to a new study released this week For a long time scientists have believed that temperature is the dominant ... - Read More

State of wildland fire emissions, carbon, and climate research

Scientists know that wildland fire emissions play a significant role in the global carbon cycle and that its principal component carbon dioxide is a primary driver of climate change But predicting and quantifying the effects ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

Babbling brooks adding to climate change?

Studying stream bubbles isn't exactly a walk in the park What with the mud and ticks the long days hiking and swimming through mucky streams the sun exposure and scratching brush But in the end ... - Read More

Rules to cut carbon emissions also reduce air pollution harmful to people, environment

Setting strong standards for climate changing carbon emissions from power plants would provide an added bonus reductions in other air pollutants that can make people sick damage forests crops and lakes and harm fish and ... - Read More

Predator-prey made simple: Simplifying studies of predator-prey interactions and other 'bistable' systems

A team of U K researchers has developed a way to dramatically reduce the complexity of modeling bistable systems which involve the interaction of two evolving species where one changes faster than the other slow ... - Read More

Evolution in species may reverse predator-prey population cycles

Populations of predators and their prey usually follow predictable cycles When the number of prey increases perhaps as their food supply becomes more abundant predator populations also grow When the predator population becomes too large ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in U.S. Arctic

A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of U S Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping oil and gas development and tourism raising concern about the risk of oil spills A new report ... - Read More

Ecology Team Improves Understanding of Valley-Wide Stream Chemistry

Released 4 17 2014 10 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 4 21 2014 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Virginia Tech Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged ... - Read More

Forests crucial to green growth

The value of forests and tree based ecosystems extends far beyond carbon sequestration they are the foundation of sustainable societies A new report launched in Jakarta Indonesia on 21 March the International Day of Forests ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems

Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia ... - Read More

New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns

The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More

Tropical grassy ecosystems under threat, scientists warn

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that tropical grassy areas which play a critical role in the world's ecology are under threat as a result of ineffective management According to research published in ... - Read More

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More
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