During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More
As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More
Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property they breathe a toxic metal to survive Researchers from the ... - Read More
Ocean researchers working on the coral reefs of Palau in 2011 and 2012 made two unexpected discoveries that could provide insight into corals' resistance and resilience to ocean acidification and aid in the creation of ... - Read More
This week a new study published in Nature and co authored by Drs Chris Moore and Daniel Obrist of Nevada's Desert Research Institute establishes for the first time a link between Arctic sea ice dynamics ... - Read More
The once booming now struggling Olympia oyster native to the West Coast could face a double threat from ocean acidification and invasive predators according to new research from the University of California Davis' Bodega Marine ... - Read More
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More
The method used to approve pesticides in the EU needs to be revised This was confirmed by a recent study by the Institute for Environmental Sciences Landau According to the study the level of fungicides ... - Read More
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
Among the most impressive ecological findings of the past 25 years is the ability of invasive plants to radically change ecosystem function Yet few if any studies have examined whether ecosystem impacts of invasions persist ... - Read More
The first step in developing a cost effective micro sensor for long term monitoring of ocean acidification has been achieved by a team of scientists and engineers The new technology that will measure pH levels ... - Read More
Reconstructing the rise of life during the period of Earth's history when it first evolved is challenging Earth's oldest sedimentary rocks are not only rare but also almost always altered by hydrothermal and tectonic activity ... - Read More
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More
An increase in aridity due to global warming will disturb the balance of nutrients in the soil and reduce productivity of the world's drylands which support millions of people a landmark study predicts The research ... - Read More
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