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News articles about "Ecosystems"

Seeing the forest for the trees: Youngest trees in a forest tell the biggest story

The largest trees in a forest may command the most attention but the smallest seedlings and youngest saplings are the ones that are most critical to the composition and diversity of the forest overall While ... - Read More

New insights into predicting future droughts in California: Natural cycles, sea surface temperatures found to be main drivers in ongoing event

According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Logging destabilizes forest soil carbon over time

Logging doesn't immediately jettison carbon stored in a forest's mineral soils into the atmosphere but triggers a gradual release that may contribute to climate change over decades a Dartmouth College study finds The results are ... - Read More

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion

Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More

New laws threaten Brazil's unique ecosystems

Brazil´s globally significant ecosystems could be exposed to mining and dams if proposals currently being debated by the Brazilian Congress go ahead according to researchers publishing in the journal Science this week The new report ... - Read More

Groundwater patches play important role in forest health, water quality

Even during summer dry spells some isolated patches of soil in forested watersheds remain waterlogged These patches act as hot spots of microbial activity that remove nitrogen from groundwater and return it to the atmosphere ... - Read More

Scientists replicate the tide with two buckets, aquarium tubing, and a pump

Rachel MacTavish is growing salt marsh plants in microcosms that replicate the tide She assembled them in an outdoor greenhouse at the Sapelo Island National Estuarine Research Reserve in Georgia USA with buckets from a ... - Read More

Ammonium source in open ocean tracked by researchers

To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans it's important to distinguish human made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally A recent study co authored by a Brown University ... - Read More

New study charts the fate of chemicals affecting health, environment

Looking forward in science often requires looking back evaluating trends to extrapolate future outcomes A classic case is Moore's Law which predicts that the density of components on an integrated circuit will double every 24 ... - Read More

Importance of dead jellyfish to deep-sea ecosystems

Innovative experiments carried out by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre NOC and abroad show that dead jellyfish contribute to the deep sea food chain unlike previously thought Researchers from the UK Norway and Hawaii ... - Read More

Bacteria may have ability to reduce impact of diazepam on UK river environments

The natural photo degradation of diazepam valium and similar medicines followed by bacterial breakdown may reduce their potentially harmful impact on the UK's freshwater environment a team of researchers has said Diazepam used to treat ... - Read More

Creepy crawlers play key role in structure of grasslands

When asked to describe a forest or a meadow most people would probably begin with the plants the species diversity or the color of the foliage They probably wouldn't pay much attention to the animals ... - Read More

Nanoparticles accumulate quickly in wetlands: Aquatic food chains might be harmed by molecules 'piggybacking' on carbon nanoparticles

A Duke University team has found that nanoparticles called single walled carbon nanotubes accumulate quickly in the bottom sediments of an experimental wetland setting an action they say could indirectly damage the aquatic food chain ... - Read More

U.S. cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

US cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

Declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes, study concludes

California's water supply depends on a clean snow pack and healthy mountain lakes The lakes receive a large amount of runoff in the spring from the melting snowpack If the snowpack is polluted the lakes ... - Read More

Kudzu can release soil carbon, accelerate global warming

Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases The research could have far reaching implications for how we manage agricultural ... - Read More

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring

Setting effective conservation policies requires near real time knowledge of environmental conditions Scientists with Stanford's Center for Ocean Solutions propose using genetic techniques as a low cost quick way to collect such data Environmental policy ... - Read More
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