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News articles about "Ecosystems"

Oxygen-depleted toxic oceans had key role in mass extinction over 200 million years ago

Changes in the biochemical balance of the ocean were a crucial factor in the end Triassic mass extinction during which half of all plant animal and marine life on Earth perished according to new research ... - Read More

Misuse of sustainability concept may lead to even more toxic chemical materials

Replacement of toxic chemical components by non toxic natural analogs is a popular approach in sustainable projects The study carried out at Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry Moscow has shown that partial replacement of chemical ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases unbalanced: How human intervention changes wetlands

Natural wetlands usually emit methane and sequester carbon dioxide Anthropogenic interventions in particular the conversion of wetlands for agriculture result in a significant increase in CO2 emissions which overcompensate potential decreases in methane emission A ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More

Ascension of marine diatoms linked to vast increase in continental weathering

A team of researchers including Rensselaer professor Morgan Schaller has used mathematical modeling to show that continental erosion over the last 40 million years has contributed to the success of diatoms a group of tiny ... - Read More

Sewage could be a source of valuable metals and critical elements

Poop could be a goldmine literally Surprisingly treated solid waste contains gold silver and other metals as well as rare elements such as palladium and vanadium that are used in electronics and alloys Now researchers ... - Read More

New processing technology converts used packing peanuts to battery components

Researchers have shown how to convert waste packing peanuts into high performance carbon electrodes for rechargeable lithium ion batteries that outperform conventional graphite electrodes representing an environmentally friendly approach to reuse the waste Batteries have ... - Read More

Turning Packing Peanuts Into Energy-Storing Battery Components (Video)

but they no longer use the ozone depleting gases called CFCs They may however contain additional chemicals though the exact constituents can vary “Outside in a landfill potentially harmful substances in the peanuts such as ... - Read More

Toward better agricultural fertilization management

A new study led by researchers from UPM shows that ammonia emissions associated with crop fertilization could reduce up to 82% with a minimum impact on agricultural production The research findings conducted by several universities ... - Read More

Oceanic microbes behave in a synchrony across ocean basins

Researchers from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and colleagues found that microbial communities in different regions of the Pacific Ocean displayed strikingly similar daily rhythms in their metabolism despite inhabiting extremely different habitats the ... - Read More

Novel monitoring tools tackle chemical surface waters pollution

With the socio economic developments of the last decades new emerging compounds have been produced released and discharged through different point and diffuse sources in European rivers lakes and marine coastal and transitional waters Treated ... - Read More

River algae affecting mercury pollution at Superfund site, study shows

Dartmouth scientists and their colleagues have found that periphyton a community of algae bacteria and other natural material living on submerged surfaces is helping to transform mercury pollution from a Superfund site along a New ... - Read More

Nutrient pollution damages streams in ways previously unknown, ecologists find

An important food resource has been disappearing from streams without anyone noticing until now In a new study published March 6 in the journal Science a team of researchers led by University of Georgia ecologists ... - Read More

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink

In a high carbon dioxide world the trees would come out ahead Except for the munching bugs A new study published in Nature Plants shows that hungry plant eating insects may limit the ability of ... - Read More

First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life

Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get The research was led by scientists from the U S Department ... - Read More

Climate-warmed leaves change lake ecosystems

Rising soil temperatures significantly affect autumn leaves and consequently the food web appearance and biochemical makeup of the lakes and ponds those leaves fall into a Dartmouth College led study finds The study is one ... - Read More

Lake Tahoe research provides new insights on global change

A Scripps Institution of Oceanography led study on how natural and human made sources of nitrogen are recycled through the Lake Tahoe ecosystem provides new information on how global change may affect the iconic blue ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More
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