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News articles about "Ecosystem"

Big data project reveals where carbon-stocking projects in Africa provide greatest benefits

Carbon, carbon
It is increasingly recognized that climate change has the potential to threaten people and nature and that it is imperative to tackle the drivers of climate change namely greenhouse gases One way to slow climate ... - Read More

Nitrogen deposition poses threat to diversity of Europe's forest vegetation

nitrogen, Nitrogen
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Experiment is first to simulate warming of Arctic permafrost

Although vegetation growth in the Arctic is boosted by global warming it's not enough to offset the carbon released by the thawing of the permafrost beneath the surface University of Florida researchers have found in ... - Read More

While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink, parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide

carbon, Carbon
While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink researchers find parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide For the past three decades as the climate has warmed the massive plates of sea ... - Read More

Industrial age helps some coastal regions capture carbon dioxide, surprise finding shows

carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbon
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Impacts of plant invasions become less robust over time: Invasive plants are more likely to be replaced by other 'invasives'

Time
Among the most impressive ecological findings of the past 25 years is the ability of invasive plants to radically change ecosystem function Yet few if any studies have examined whether ecosystem impacts of invasions persist ... - Read More

Evidence of 3.5-billion-year-old bacterial ecosystems found in Australia

Ecosystems
Reconstructing the rise of life during the period of Earth's history when it first evolved is challenging Earth's oldest sedimentary rocks are not only rare but also almost always altered by hydrothermal and tectonic activity ... - Read More

Staggering turbines improves performance 33%

Ocean, Ocean
Research into the best ways to arrange wind turbines has produced staggering results quite literally The University of Delaware's Cristina Archer and her Atmosphere and Energy Research Group found that staggering and spacing out turbines ... - Read More

Earthworms invade New England

Carbon, carbon
Beavers reshape landscapes with their dams Wolves control elk populations Sea otters protect kelp forests by eating sea urchins These are what ecologists call keystone species critters that control an ecosystem and have a disproportionate ... - Read More

Hypoxia Issues in the Gulf of Mexico

The Mississippi River Basin is home to much of the United States' fertile crop land Though we need our food and energy crops their production has led to an increase in the levels of nutrients ... - Read More

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

Tropical forests 'fix' themselves: Nitrogen fixation in tropics has far-reaching implications for global warming

Global warming, Nitrogen, nitrogen, Global warming
Tropical forests speed their own recovery capturing nitrogen and carbon faster after being logged or cleared for agriculture Researchers working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama think the discovery that trees turn up ... - Read More

Model organism gone wild

organism, organism
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More
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