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News articles about "Ecosystem"

Decomposing logs show local factors undervalued in climate change predictions

A new Yale led study challenges the long held assumption that climate is the primary driver of how quickly organic matter decomposes in different regions a key piece of information used in formulating climate models ... - Read More

Super-charged tropical trees: Borneo’s productive trees vitally important for global carbon cycling

A team of scientists has found that the woody growth of forests in north Borneo is half as great again as in the most productive forests of north west Amazonia an average difference of 3.2 ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Carbon loss from soil accelerating climate change

Research published in Science today found that increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more carbon dioxide accelerating climate change Two Northern Arizona University researchers led the study which ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows' gut bacteria The findings reported in mBio® the online ... - Read More

Ecology Team Improves Understanding of Valley-Wide Stream Chemistry

Released 4 17 2014 10 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 4 21 2014 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Virginia Tech Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged ... - Read More

Forests crucial to green growth

The value of forests and tree based ecosystems extends far beyond carbon sequestration they are the foundation of sustainable societies A new report launched in Jakarta Indonesia on 21 March the International Day of Forests ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems

Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia ... - Read More

New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns

The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More

Reindeer grazing may counteract effects of climate warming on tundra carbon sink

Local reindeer grazing history is an important determinant in the response of an ecosystem's carbon sink to climate warming say researchers at the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland Their study was published in ... - Read More

Back to life after 1,500 years: Moss brought back to life after 1,500 years frozen in ice

Researchers from the British Antarctic Survey and Reading University have demonstrated that after over 1 500 years frozen in Antarctic ice moss can come back to life and continue to grow For the first time ... - Read More

Tropical grassy ecosystems under threat, scientists warn

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that tropical grassy areas which play a critical role in the world's ecology are under threat as a result of ineffective management According to research published in ... - Read More

Offshore dispersant data and decisions

Dispersants are often used in oil spill responses because they may mitigate the environmental impacts of the spill by moving the oil from the water surface into the water column enhancing its biodegradation While this ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

New discoveries show biological formation of oxygen in soils

Oxygen , biological
In the 1930s the ability of green plants to form oxygen through oxidation of water photosynthesis was discovered Since then no other large scale biological formation of oxygen has been found until now New research ... - Read More
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