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News articles about "Ecosystem"

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

New model to predict the thermal performance of vegetal façades

After years of monitoring different experimental buildings a group of researchers from the School of Architecture of Universidad Politécnica de Madrid has developed a model that can estimate the thermal performance of vegetal façades regarding ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Logging destabilizes forest soil carbon over time

Logging doesn't immediately jettison carbon stored in a forest's mineral soils into the atmosphere but triggers a gradual release that may contribute to climate change over decades a Dartmouth College study finds The results are ... - Read More

The dodo: New insights into an old bird

The dodo is among the most famous extinct creatures and a poster child for human caused extinction events Despite its notoriety and the fact that the species was alive during recorded human history little is ... - Read More

Groundwater patches play important role in forest health, water quality

Even during summer dry spells some isolated patches of soil in forested watersheds remain waterlogged These patches act as hot spots of microbial activity that remove nitrogen from groundwater and return it to the atmosphere ... - Read More

Restoring wetlands can lessen soil sinkage, greenhouse gas emissions, study finds

Restoring wetlands can help reduce or reverse soil subsidence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions according to research in California's Sacramento San Joaquin River Delta by Dartmouth College researchers and their colleagues The study which is ... - Read More

Giant tortoises gain a foothold on a Galapagos island

A population of endangered giant tortoises which once dwindled to just over a dozen has recovered on the Galapagos island of Española a finding described as a true story of success and hope in conservation ... - Read More

Breathing sand: New measurement technique detects oxygen supply to bottom of North Sea

New analytical methods show for the first time how the permeable sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange Because the metabolic rate is ... - Read More

Pollution linked to lethal sea turtle tumors

Pollution in urban and farm runoff in Hawaii is causing tumors in endangered sea turtles a new study finds The study published Tuesday in the peer reviewed open access journal PeerJ shows that nitrogen in ... - Read More

Creepy crawlers play key role in structure of grasslands

When asked to describe a forest or a meadow most people would probably begin with the plants the species diversity or the color of the foliage They probably wouldn't pay much attention to the animals ... - Read More

BP Deepwater Horizon disaster: Researchers continue working to safeguard shoreline

An NJIT research team has estimated the total mass of oil that reached the Gulf of Mexico shore in the wake of the BP Deepwater Horizon blowout It's the first time such an estimate was ... - Read More

U.S. cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

New NASA probe will study Earth's forests in 3-D

A laser based instrument being developed for the International Space Station will provide a unique 3 D view of Earth's forests helping to fill in missing information about their role in the carbon cycle Called ... - Read More

US cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

Emperor penguin in peril: Climate change threatens dramatic declines

An international team of scientists studying Emperor penguin populations across Antarctica finds the iconic animals in danger of dramatic declines by the end of the century due to climate change Their study published today in ... - Read More

Emperor penguin in peril

An international team of scientists studying Emperor penguin populations across Antarctica finds the iconic animals in danger of dramatic declines by the end of the century due to climate change Their study published today in ... - Read More

Climate change: Termites, fungi play more important role in decomposition than temperature

Climate change models could have a thing or two to learn from termites and fungi according to a new study released this week For a long time scientists have believed that temperature is the dominant ... - Read More

How red tide knocks out its competition

New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables but doesn't kill other species of algae The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem Marine ... - Read More
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