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News articles about "Ecosystem"

Could smell hold the key to limiting or ending pesticide use?

Could smell hold the key to ending pesticide use   UK scientists may have uncovered a natural way of avoiding the use of pesticides and help save plants from attack by recreating a natural insect ... - Read More

Predicting pesticide loads more accurately

The EU wants to further improve the authorization process for agricultural products The different national procedures for this are supposed to be further harmonized Fraunhofer researchers have developed a software for estimating the transfer of ... - Read More

Rethinking wetland restoration: Smaller wetlands more valuable than previously thought

Most efforts to protect and restore wetlands mistakenly focus on preserving only total wetland area with no consideration of ecosystem services provided by different wetland types according to a new study from the University of ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases unbalanced: How human intervention changes wetlands

Natural wetlands usually emit methane and sequester carbon dioxide Anthropogenic interventions in particular the conversion of wetlands for agriculture result in a significant increase in CO2 emissions which overcompensate potential decreases in methane emission A ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More

Some mushrooms glow, and here's why

Did you know that there are mushrooms that actually glow Aristotle was aware of this intriguing fact more than 2 000 years ago He also was the first person to ask a simple question in ... - Read More

New information helps predict future climate change impacts on global tropics

Researchers at the University of Montana Princeton University Stanford University and Rutgers University among others are collecting new measurements of tropical forests to gain a better understanding of how they respond to seasonal climate variations ... - Read More

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink

In a high carbon dioxide world the trees would come out ahead Except for the munching bugs A new study published in Nature Plants shows that hungry plant eating insects may limit the ability of ... - Read More

Climate-warmed leaves change lake ecosystems

Rising soil temperatures significantly affect autumn leaves and consequently the food web appearance and biochemical makeup of the lakes and ponds those leaves fall into a Dartmouth College led study finds The study is one ... - Read More

Lake Tahoe research provides new insights on global change

A Scripps Institution of Oceanography led study on how natural and human made sources of nitrogen are recycled through the Lake Tahoe ecosystem provides new information on how global change may affect the iconic blue ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

System to turn wastewater into fresh water developed

A Missouri University of Science and Technology professor has shown that improving wastewater treatment and saving energy are not only essential but they're also compatible Dr Jianmin Wang professor of civil architectural and environmental engineering ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

New model to predict the thermal performance of vegetal façades

After years of monitoring different experimental buildings a group of researchers from the School of Architecture of Universidad Politécnica de Madrid has developed a model that can estimate the thermal performance of vegetal façades regarding ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Logging destabilizes forest soil carbon over time

Logging doesn't immediately jettison carbon stored in a forest's mineral soils into the atmosphere but triggers a gradual release that may contribute to climate change over decades a Dartmouth College study finds The results are ... - Read More

The dodo: New insights into an old bird

The dodo is among the most famous extinct creatures and a poster child for human caused extinction events Despite its notoriety and the fact that the species was alive during recorded human history little is ... - Read More

Groundwater patches play important role in forest health, water quality

Even during summer dry spells some isolated patches of soil in forested watersheds remain waterlogged These patches act as hot spots of microbial activity that remove nitrogen from groundwater and return it to the atmosphere ... - Read More
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