Dispersants are often used in oil spill responses because they may mitigate the environmental impacts of the spill by moving the oil from the water surface into the water column enhancing its biodegradation While this ... - Read More
The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More
In the 1930s the ability of green plants to form oxygen through oxidation of water photosynthesis was discovered Since then no other large scale biological formation of oxygen has been found until now New research ... - Read More
As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More
You might not think of microbes when you consider biodiversity but it turns out that even a moderate loss of less than 5% of soil microbes may compromise some key ecosystem functions and could lead ... - Read More
The once booming now struggling Olympia oyster native to the West Coast could face a double threat from ocean acidification and invasive predators according to new research from the University of California Davis' Bodega Marine ... - Read More
A relatively unknown hidden artificial stream called a flume located in the basement of the Idaho Water Center at Broadway and Front streets in downtown Boise is the site of a collaborative research initiative by ... - Read More
Scientists studying the atmosphere above Barrow Alaska have discovered unprecedented levels of molecular chlorine in the air a new study reports Molecular chlorine from sea salt released by melting sea ice reacts with sunlight to ... - Read More
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More
It is increasingly recognized that climate change has the potential to threaten people and nature and that it is imperative to tackle the drivers of climate change namely greenhouse gases One way to slow climate ... - Read More
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More
Although vegetation growth in the Arctic is boosted by global warming it's not enough to offset the carbon released by the thawing of the permafrost beneath the surface University of Florida researchers have found in ... - Read More
While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink researchers find parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide For the past three decades as the climate has warmed the massive plates of sea ... - Read More
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More
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