Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More
A new study has found that pollution from fine particles in the air mainly the result of burning coal or volcanic eruptions can shade corals from sunlight and cool the surrounding water resulting in reduced ... - Read More
Pharmaceuticals commonly found in the environment are disrupting streams with unknown impacts on aquatic life and water quality So reports a new Ecological Applications paper which highlights the ecological cost of pharmaceutical waste and the ... - Read More
Surface appearances can be so misleading In most forests the amount of carbon held in soils is substantially greater than the amount contained in the trees themselves Share This See Also Soil Types Organic Nature ... - Read More
When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it's generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth For thousands of years it ... - Read More
An international research team announces the first scientific results from one of the most inaccessible places on Earth the bottom of the Mariana Trench located nearly 11 kilometers below sea level in the western Pacific ... - Read More
Models of carbon dioxide in the world's oceans need to be revised according to new work by UC Irvine and other scientists published online Sunday in Nature Geoscience Trillions of plankton near the surface of ... - Read More
To study the effects of ocean acidification ten huge plastic containers called mesocosms are placed in the Gullmar Fjord in Sweden The project is unique mesocosms of this size have never been used for such ... - Read More
New York Gov Andrew Cuomo will soon decide whether to approve hydraulic fracturing for natural gas in the state To date no alternative to expanded gas drilling has been proposed Share This See Also Energy ... - Read More
For hundreds of years naturalists and scientists have identified new species based on an organism's visible differences But now new genetic techniques are revealing that different species can show little to no visible differences Share ... - Read More
When Gulf of Mexico algae don't get enough nutrients they focus their remaining energy on becoming more and more poisonous to ensure their survival according to a new study by scientists from North Carolina State ... - Read More
Aging sewer systems are spilling a considerable amount of nitrogen into urban watersheds diminishing both the quality of water and ecosystems' habitats However many studies documenting the impacts of nitrogen on urban environs have not ... - Read More
Tropical forests are less likely to lose biomass plants and plant material in response to greenhouse gas emissions over the twenty first century than may previously have been thought suggests a study published online this ... - Read More
The search for a less expensive sustainable source of biomass or plant material for producing gasoline diesel and jet fuel has led scientists to duckweed that fast growing floating plant that turns ponds and lakes ... - Read More
A screening tool from the U S Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry determining cell wall chemistry to find plants ... - Read More
A continental scale chemical survey in the waters of the eastern U S and Gulf of Mexico is helping researchers determine how distinct bodies of water will resist changes in acidity The study which measures ... - Read More
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More
Knowing the temperatures that viruses bacteria worms and all other parasites need to grow and survive could help determine the future range of infectious diseases under climate change according to new research Share This See ... - Read More
During an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen along with their colleagues from the GEOMAR and Christian Albrechts University in Kiel discovered that organic ... - Read More
University of British Columbia researchers have found that when the animals at the top of the food chain are removed freshwater ecosystems emit a lot more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere Share This See Also ... - Read More
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