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News articles about "Ecology"

Highly effective communities of bacteria in the world's deepest oceanic trench

An international research team announces the first scientific results from one of the most inaccessible places on Earth the bottom of the Mariana Trench located nearly 11 kilometers below sea level in the western Pacific ... - Read More

Ocean plankton sponge up nearly twice the carbon currently assumed

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
Models of carbon dioxide in the world's oceans need to be revised according to new work by UC Irvine and other scientists published online Sunday in Nature Geoscience Trillions of plankton near the surface of ... - Read More

Large plastic bags in unique experiment to study ocean acidification

Ocean, Plastic, Plastic, Ocean
To study the effects of ocean acidification ten huge plastic containers called mesocosms are placed in the Gullmar Fjord in Sweden The project is unique mesocosms of this size have never been used for such ... - Read More

Researchers map out an alternative energy future for New York

New York Gov Andrew Cuomo will soon decide whether to approve hydraulic fracturing for natural gas in the state To date no alternative to expanded gas drilling has been proposed Share This See Also Energy ... - Read More

Researchers develop tools for discovering new species

Genetic, Genetic, Genetic
For hundreds of years naturalists and scientists have identified new species based on an organism's visible differences But now new genetic techniques are revealing that different species can show little to no visible differences Share ... - Read More

When hungry, Gulf of Mexico algae go toxic

algae, algae
When Gulf of Mexico algae don't get enough nutrients they focus their remaining energy on becoming more and more poisonous to ensure their survival according to a new study by scientists from North Carolina State ... - Read More

Pittsburgh's leaky faucet: How aging sewers are impacting urban watersheds

Nitrogen, nitrogen
Aging sewer systems are spilling a considerable amount of nitrogen into urban watersheds diminishing both the quality of water and ecosystems' habitats However many studies documenting the impacts of nitrogen on urban environs have not ... - Read More

Are tropical forests resilient to global warming?

Tropical forests are less likely to lose biomass plants and plant material in response to greenhouse gas emissions over the twenty first century than may previously have been thought suggests a study published online this ... - Read More

Duckweed as a cost-competitive raw material for biofuel production

The search for a less expensive sustainable source of biomass or plant material for producing gasoline diesel and jet fuel has led scientists to duckweed that fast growing floating plant that turns ponds and lakes ... - Read More

Biomass analysis tool is faster, more precise

Analysis
A screening tool from the U S Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry determining cell wall chemistry to find plants ... - Read More

New study reveals how sensitive US East Coast regions may be to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
A continental scale chemical survey in the waters of the eastern U S and Gulf of Mexico is helping researchers determine how distinct bodies of water will resist changes in acidity The study which measures ... - Read More

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects

Ions, Metabolism
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More

March of the pathogens: Parasite metabolism can foretell disease ranges under climate change

Metabolism
Knowing the temperatures that viruses bacteria worms and all other parasites need to grow and survive could help determine the future range of infectious diseases under climate change according to new research Share This See ... - Read More

How the Ocean loses nitrogen: Scientists identify key factor that controls nitrogen availability in the Ocean

Ocean, Nitrogen, nitrogen, Ocean
During an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen along with their colleagues from the GEOMAR and Christian Albrechts University in Kiel discovered that organic ... - Read More

Top predators have sway over climate

Climate, climate
University of British Columbia researchers have found that when the animals at the top of the food chain are removed freshwater ecosystems emit a lot more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere Share This See Also ... - Read More

Microbial biorefinery provides new insight into how bacteria regulate genes

Genes, Bacteria, Genes, bacteria
Digesting lignin a highly stable polymer that accounts for up to a third of biomass is a limiting step to producing a variety of biofuels Researchers at Brown have figured out the microscopic chemical switch ... - Read More

Scientists explore new technologies that remove atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
In his Feb 12 State of the Union address President Obama singled out climate change as a top priority for his second administration We can choose to believe that Superstorm Sandy and the most severe ... - Read More

Marsh plants actively engineer their landscape

Plants, plants
Marsh plants far from being passive wallflowers are secret gardeners that actively engineer their landscape to increase their species' odds of survival says a team of scientists from Duke University and the University of Padova ... - Read More

Sunlight stimulates release of climate-warming gas from melting Arctic permafrost

Gas
Ancient carbon trapped in Arctic permafrost is extremely sensitive to sunlight and if exposed to the surface when long frozen soils melt and collapse can release climate warming carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere much ... - Read More

Nitrogen from pollution, natural sources causes growth of toxic algae, study finds

Nitrogen
Nitrogen in ocean waters fuels the growth of two tiny but toxic phytoplankton species that are harmful to marine life and human health warns a new study published in the Journal of Phycology Share This ... - Read More
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