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News articles about "Ecology"

Experiment is first to simulate warming of Arctic permafrost

Although vegetation growth in the Arctic is boosted by global warming it's not enough to offset the carbon released by the thawing of the permafrost beneath the surface University of Florida researchers have found in ... - Read More

Industrial age helps some coastal regions capture carbon dioxide, surprise finding shows

carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbon
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

Global warming in the Canadian arctic

Ph D student Karita Negandhi and professor Isabelle Laurion from INRS'Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre in collaboration with other Canadian U S and French researchers have been studying methane emissions produced by thawing permafrost in ... - Read More

Impacts of plant invasions become less robust over time: Invasive plants are more likely to be replaced by other 'invasives'

Time
Among the most impressive ecological findings of the past 25 years is the ability of invasive plants to radically change ecosystem function Yet few if any studies have examined whether ecosystem impacts of invasions persist ... - Read More

Toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago quantified: Doesn't take much sulfide to impact ocean life

Ocean, Ocean
Oxygen in the atmosphere and ocean rose dramatically about 600 million years ago coinciding with the first proliferation of animal life Since then numerous short lived biotic events typically marked by significant climatic perturbations took ... - Read More

Avian Influenza Virus Detection Using Smell

Released 10 11 2013 5 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 10 16 2013 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Monell Chemical Senses Center more news from this source Oct 17 2013 PHILADELPHIA October 16 2013 New research ... - Read More

Tropical forest carbon absorption may hinge on an odd couple

Carbon, carbon
A unique housing arrangement between a specific group of tree species and a carbo loading bacteria may determine how well tropical forests can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere according to a Princeton University based ... - Read More

The Real Reason to Worry About Bees

a condition sometimes termed colony collapse disorder CCD Although honeybees have been doing better in recent years something continues to kill about 1 in every 3 honeybees each year He spoke at a symposium on ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

Hydraulic fracturing in Michigan investigated

Gas
University of Michigan researchers today released seven technical reports that together form the most comprehensive Michigan focused resource on hydraulic fracturing the controversial natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The studies ... - Read More

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

Ocean fish acquire more mercury at depth

fish, Mercury
Mercury a common industrial toxin is carried through the atmosphere before settling on the ocean and entering the marine food web Now exciting new research from the University of Michigan and the University of Hawai'i ... - Read More

Peering into the heart of aquatic embryo development

Aquatic
Scientists using a pioneering bio imaging system to record simultaneously the development of hundreds of aquatic embryos have discovered significant parent offspring similarities in the timing and sequence of that development Researchers at Plymouth University ... - Read More

More accurate model of climate change's effect on soil

Scientists from UC Irvine and the National Center for Atmospheric Research have developed a new computer model to measure global warming's effect on soil worldwide that accounts for how bacteria and fungi in soil control ... - Read More

Traditional forest management reduces fungal diversity

Fungi
In the beech groves of Navarre a team from the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has analysed the influence exerted by forestry management on the fungi populations that decompose wood There is a ... - Read More

Biologists name newly discovered threadworm after physicist Max Planck

Biology, biology, Biology
Biologists in Tübingen working with Ralf J Sommer have named a newly discovered nematode after a German Nobel laureate Pristionchus maxplancki is thus the first species to carry the name of the scientist who died ... - Read More

Declines in ecosystem productivity fueled by nitrogen-induced species loss

Nitrogen, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, nitrogen
Humans have been affecting their environment since the ancestors of Homo sapiens first walked upright but never has their impact been more detrimental than in the 21st century The loss of biodiversity has much greater ... - Read More

Caterpillars attracted to plant SOS

Plant, plant
Plants that emit an airborne distress signal in response to herbivory may actually attract more enemies according to a new study published in the open access journal Frontiers in Plant Science A team of researchers ... - Read More

Nuke test radiation can fight poachers who kill elephants, rhinos, hippos

Radiation, Radiation, Radiation
University of Utah researchers developed a new weapon to fight poachers who kill elephants hippos rhinos and other wildlife By measuring radioactive carbon 14 deposited in tusks and teeth by open air nuclear bomb tests ... - Read More
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