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News articles about "Earth"

2012 solar storm points up need for society to prepare

A massive ejection of material from the sun initially traveling at over 7 million miles per hour that narrowly missed Earth last year is an event solar scientists hope will open the eyes of policymakers ... - Read More

Scientists scale terahertz peaks in nanotubes

Carbon, carbon
Carbon nanotubes carry plasmonic signals in the terahertz range of the electromagnetic spectrum but only if they're metallic by nature or doped In new research the Rice University laboratory of physicist Junichiro Kono disproved previous ... - Read More

Geoengineering approaches to reduce climate change unlikely to succeed

climate, Climate, Climate change, Climate change
Reducing the amount of sunlight reaching the planet's surface by geoengineering may not undo climate change after all Two German researchers used a simple energy balance analysis to explain how Earth's water cycle responds differently ... - Read More

New Jersey Shore likely faces unprecedented flooding by mid-century

sea
Geoscientists at Rutgers and Tufts universities estimate that the New Jersey shore will likely experience a sea level rise of about 1.5 feet by 2050 and of about 3.5 feet by 2100 11 to 15 ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

Industrial age helps some coastal regions capture carbon dioxide, surprise finding shows

carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbon
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

Even if emissions stop, carbon dioxide could warm Earth for centuries

Emissions
Even if carbon dioxide emissions came to a sudden halt the carbon dioxide already in Earth's atmosphere could continue to warm our planet for hundreds of years according to Princeton University led research published in ... - Read More

Rain as acidic as lemon juice may have contributed to ancient mass extinction

Lemon juice
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history About 252 million years ago ... - Read More

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Minerals, Minerals
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Safety in numbers? Not so for corals

Ocean, Ocean
Traditionally it was assumed that corals do not face a risk of extinction unless they become very rare or have a very restricted range A team of scientists from the University of Hawaii Manoa UHM ... - Read More

Oxygen, phosphorus and early life on Earth

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Evidence found for granite on Mars: Red Planet more more geologically complex than thought

Complex, Granite, Mars
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño?

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Putting a new spin on tokamak disruptions

Plasma
In the quest for fusion energy on earth researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces In the tokamak ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More
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