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News articles about "Earth"

Oxygen, phosphorus and early life on Earth

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Evidence found for granite on Mars: Red Planet more more geologically complex than thought

Complex, Granite, Mars
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño?

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Putting a new spin on tokamak disruptions

Plasma
In the quest for fusion energy on earth researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces In the tokamak ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

New generation of micro sensors for monitoring ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
The first step in developing a cost effective micro sensor for long term monitoring of ocean acidification has been achieved by a team of scientists and engineers The new technology that will measure pH levels ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Rare new microbe found in two spacecraft clean rooms

NASA
A rare recently discovered microbe that survives on very little to eat has been found in two places on Earth spacecraft clean rooms in Florida and South America Microbiologists often do thorough surveys of bacteria ... - Read More

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid north

crops
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in Earth's far north because the waters were virtually devoid of nitrogen unlike other areas of the globe scientists have studied Instead the hardy ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Geoengineering the climate could reduce vital rains

Climate, climate
Although a significant build up in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would alter worldwide precipitation patterns a widely discussed technological approach to reduce future global warming would also interfere with rainfall and snowfall new research ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

Warming will disturb balance of soil nutrients in drylands, make drylands less productive

Phosphorus, Nitrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus
An increase in aridity due to global warming will disturb the balance of nutrients in the soil and reduce productivity of the world's drylands which support millions of people a landmark study predicts The research ... - Read More

Staggering turbines improves performance 33%

Ocean, Ocean
Research into the best ways to arrange wind turbines has produced staggering results quite literally The University of Delaware's Cristina Archer and her Atmosphere and Energy Research Group found that staggering and spacing out turbines ... - Read More
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