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News articles about "Earth"

First snapshots of water splitting in photosynthesis

An international team led by Arizona State University scientists has published today in Nature a groundbreaking study that shows the first snapshots of photosynthesis in action as it splits water into protons electrons and oxygen ... - Read More

Pressure cell for reproducing deep-Earth chemistry

A new pressure cell invented by UC Davis researchers makes it possible to simulate chemical reactions deep in the Earth's crust The cell allows researchers to perform nuclear magnetic resonance NMR measurements on as little ... - Read More

Silicon oxide for better computer memory: Use of porous silicon oxide reduces forming voltage, improves manufacturability

Rice University's breakthrough silicon oxide technology for high density next generation computer memory is one step closer to mass production thanks to a refinement that will allow manufacturers to fabricate devices at room temperature with ... - Read More

Study Yields First Snapshots of Water Splitting in Photosynthesis

Released 9 Jul 2014 4 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations NatureJul 14 2014 ... - Read More

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More

Ironing out details of the carbon cycle: Dissolved iron in North Atlantic traced to Sahara desert

Iron is present in tiny concentrations in seawater On the order of a few billionths of a gram in a liter I did a calculation once on a ton of ocean water says Seth John ... - Read More

NASA launches carbon mission to watch Earth breathe

NASA successfully launched its first spacecraft dedicated to studying atmospheric carbon dioxide at 2 56 a m PDT 5 56 a m EDT Tuesday July 1 2014 The Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 OCO 2 raced ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Ancient Arctic sharks tolerated brackish water 50 million years ago

Sharks were a tolerant bunch some 50 million years ago cruising an Arctic Ocean that contained about the same percentage of freshwater as Louisiana's Lake Ponchatrain does today says a new study involving the University ... - Read More

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Ancient ocean currents may have changed pacing and intensity of ice ages: Slowing of currents may have flipped switch

For decades climate scientists have tried to explain why ice age cycles became longer and more intense about 900 000 years ago switching from 41 000 year cycles to 100 000 year cycles In a ... - Read More

To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing carbon dioxide emissions

The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert Among the climate pollutants humans put into the ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Origin of life: Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed

Stanley Miller the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

Stanley Miller's Forgotten Experiments, Analyzed

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations National Science Foundation NASA Astrobiology Program NSF CHE ... - Read More

No limits to human effects on clouds

Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More

60-year-old prediction of atomic behavior confirmed: New experimental path to superfast quantum computing

Researchers at Washington State University have used a super cold cloud of atoms that behaves like a single atom to see a phenomenon predicted 60 years ago and witnessed only once since The phenomenon takes ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More
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