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News articles about "Earth"

Evidence for huge mountains that fed early life discovered

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen

Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology the study of tiny fossilized organisms to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event ... - Read More

Scientists find ancient mountains that fed early life

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Journey to the center of the Earth: Geochemist uses helium and lead isotopes to gain insight into makeup of planet’s deep interior

A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying carbon dioxide levels

Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2. Previous studies have found that the Miocene climatic optimum a ... - Read More

Method for detecting extremely rare inert gas isotopes for water dating

In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More

A brighter design emerges for low-cost, 'greener' LED light bulbs

The phase out of traditional incandescent bulbs in the U S and elsewhere as well as a growing interest in energy efficiency has given LED lighting a sales boost However that trend could be short ... - Read More

Global natural gas boom alone won't slow climate change

A new analysis of global energy use economics and the climate shows that without new climate policies expanding the current bounty of inexpensive natural gas alone would not slow the growth of global greenhouse gas ... - Read More

Solar activity impacts polar ozone

The increase in greenhouse gases explains to a large extent the rise in the average temperature of Earth According to the research study published in Nature Communications today the Sun affects middle atmosphere ozone with ... - Read More

Beyond LEDs: Brighter, new energy-saving flat panel lights based on carbon nanotubes

Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes LEDs as the single most significant and disruptive energy efficient lighting solution of today scientists around the world continue unabated to search ... - Read More

Antarctic sea ice reaches new record maximum

Sea ice surrounding Antarctica reached a new record high extent this year covering more of the southern oceans than it has since scientists began a long term satellite record to map sea ice extent in ... - Read More

Making oxygen before life: Oxygen can form directly from carbon dioxide in upper atmosphere

About one fifth of Earth's atmosphere is oxygen pumped out by green plants as a result of photosynthesis and used by most living things on the planet to keep our metabolisms running But before the ... - Read More

Wintertime ozone pollution in Utah oil and gas fields explained

Chemicals released into the air by oil and gas exploration extraction and related activities can spark reactions that lead to high levels of ozone in wintertime high enough to exceed federal health standards according to ... - Read More

Run, cheetah, run: New algorithm enables cheetah robot to run and jump, untethered, across grass

Speed and agility are hallmarks of the cheetah The big predator is the fastest land animal on Earth able to accelerate to 60 mph in just a few seconds As it ramps up to top ... - Read More

Fracking: Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater

A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing and it's not the source many people may have feared What's more the problem may ... - Read More

New family of materials for energy-efficient information storage and processing

Switching the polarity of a magnet using an electric field magnetoelectric memory MEM effect can be a working principle of the next generation technology for information processing and storage Multiferroic materials are promising candidates for ... - Read More

High-altitude balloon over Ontario, Canada: Researchers measure ozone-depleting bromine

How much does bromine affect stratospheric ozone Answering this question is the primary objective of measurements by a multi instrument gondola carried by a high altitude balloon The gondola accommodates a unique combination of remote ... - Read More

Astrophysicists to probe how early universe made chemical elements

In the beginning all was hydrogen and helium plus a bit of lithium Three elements in all Today's universe however has nearly a hundred naturally occurring elements with thousands of variants isotopes and more likely ... - Read More
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