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News articles about "Earth"

Smothered oceans: Extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

Seafloor sediment cores reveal abrupt extensive loss of oxygen in the ocean when ice sheets melted roughly 10 000 17 000 years ago according to a study from the University of California Davis The findings ... - Read More

Missing link in metal physics explains Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetic field is crucial for our existence as it shields the life on our planet's surface from deadly cosmic rays It is generated by turbulent motions of liquid iron in Earth's core Iron is ... - Read More

The origin of life: Labyrinths as crucibles of life

Water filled micropores in hot rock may have acted as the nurseries in which life on Earth began A team at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich has now shown that temperature gradients in pore ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

New research re-creates planet formation, super-Earths and giant planets in the laboratory

New laser driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super Earths and giant planet cores and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth like planets documenting the material properties that determined planet ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Drugs from dirt: Scientists develop first global roadmap for drug discovery

Rockefeller University scientists have analysed soils from beaches forests and deserts on five continents and discovered the best places in the world to mine untapped antibiotic and anticancer drugs The findings published in the open ... - Read More

Melting glaciers have big carbon impact

As Earth warms and glaciers all over the world begin to melt researchers and public policy experts have focused largely on how all of that extra water will contribute to sea level rise But another ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Peat fire emissions may shed light on climate change

Wildfires which send hot flames and smoke high into the air create black carbon emissions associated with climate change and risk to human health Carbon emissions from wildfires in the contiguous U S are expected ... - Read More

NASA satellite set to get the dirt on Earth's soil moisture

A new NASA satellite that will peer into the topmost layer of Earth's soils to measure the hidden waters that influence our weather and climate is in final preparations for a Jan 29 dawn launch ... - Read More

NASA, NOAA find 2014 warmest year in modern record

The year 2014 ranks as Earth's warmest since 1880 according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA scientists The 10 warmest years in the instrumental record with the exception ... - Read More

Chemical analysis of ancient rocks reveals earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere: Isotopic memory of atmospheric persistence

Chemical analysis of some of the world's oldest rocks by an international team led by McGill University researchers has provided the earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere The results show that the air 4 billion ... - Read More

Did the Anthropocene begin with the nuclear age?

Scientists identify July 16 1945 as key time boundary in Earth history An international group of scientists has proposed a start date for the dawn of the Anthropocene a new chapter in the Earth's geological ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

New planetary dashboard shows 'great acceleration' in human activity since 1950

Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More

Nearly half the systems crucial to stability of planet compromised

Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More

Estimated social cost of climate change not accurate, scientists say

The economic damage caused by a ton of carbon dioxide emissions often referred to as the social cost of carbon could actually be six times higher than the value that the United States now uses ... - Read More

More sun means fewer children, grandchildren, Norwegian study finds

A new study from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology shows that increased UV radiation can have an effect on human fertility over generations Gine Roll Skjærvø at the Norwegian University of Science and ... - Read More

Deep Space Climate Observatory to provide 'EPIC' views of Earth

NASA has contributed two Earth science instruments for NOAA's space weather observing satellite called the Deep Space Climate Observatory or DSCOVR set to launch in January 2015. One of the instruments called EPIC or Earth ... - Read More
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