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News articles about "DNA"

New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe

Computational, computational, Computational
How many different molecules can be created when you release one of the universe's most reactive substances hydrogen cyanide in the lab And will the process create some particularly interesting molecules That is what scientists ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

American Chemical Society's Highest Honor Goes to Stephen J. Lippard, Ph.D.

and opened the door to efforts to develop more effective anti cancer medications During a five decade career Lippard authored more than 830 scientific papers and dozens of patents Along with Jeremy M Berg Ph ... - Read More

Nitric Oxide Can Regulate Gene Expression

heritable alterations in gene expression caused by mechanisms other than changes in DNA sequence One such example Thomas said are modifications of specialized proteins called histones which are responsible for packaging DNA in the cell ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

Chemists develop innovative nano-sensors for multiple proteins

Nano
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have developed a new method for parallel protein analysis that is in principle capable of identifying hundreds or even thousands of different proteins It could be used to ... - Read More

Breakthrough in Detecting DNA Mutations Could Help Treat Tuberculosis, Cancer

Released 7 25 2013 1 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 7 28 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Washington more news from this source Jul 30 2013 The slightest variation in a sequence of ... - Read More

Scientists identify key fungal species that help explain mysteries of white nose syndrome

Fungi
U S Forest Service researchers have identified what may be a key to unraveling some of the mysteries of White Nose Syndrome the closest known non disease causing relatives of the fungus that causes WNS ... - Read More

Laser-controlled molecular switch turns blood clotting on, off on command

Molecular, Laser, Laser, molecular
Researchers have designed tiny light controlled gold particles that can release DNA controls to switch blood clotting off and on The results are reported July 24 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Kimberly ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

Why crop rotation works: Change in crop species causes shift in soil microbes

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More

Great exaptations: Most traits emerge for no crucial reason, scientists find

Carbon, carbon
Exactly how new traits emerge is a question that has long puzzled evolutionary biologists While some adaptations develop to address a specific need others called exaptations develop as a by product of another feature with ... - Read More

Biochemists uphold law of physics

Biochemists
Experiments by biochemists at the University of California Davis show for the first time that a law of physics the ergodic theorem can be demonstrated by a collection of individual protein molecules specifically a protein ... - Read More

Biologists name newly discovered threadworm after physicist Max Planck

Biology, biology, Biology
Biologists in Tübingen working with Ralf J Sommer have named a newly discovered nematode after a German Nobel laureate Pristionchus maxplancki is thus the first species to carry the name of the scientist who died ... - Read More

Researchers Perform DNA Computation in Living Cells

Released 7 10 2013 1 45 PM EDTSource Newsroom North Carolina State University more news from this source Jul 11 2013 Chemists from North Carolina State University have performed a DNA based logic gate operation ... - Read More

Corals cozy up with bacterial buddies

Bacteria, bacteria
Corals may let certain bacteria get under their skin according to a new study by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology KAUST and soon to be ... - Read More

Cell membranes: Synthetics save time and cut costs

Screening for critical drug targets known as G protein coupled receptors GPCRs is now possible without the need to extract these proteins from their native cells Extraction requires the use of stabilizing lipids which damage ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers allow precision control of enzymes

enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, enzymes
Tweezers are a handy instrument when it comes to removing a splinter or plucking an eyebrow In new research Hao Yan and his colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute describe a pair of tweezers ... - Read More

Protocells may have formed in a salty soup

cell, cell
The first cell may have originated in a salty soup in which large biomolecules cluster spontaneously to form a protocell chemists at Radboud University Nijmegen discovered The research is published in the Proceedings of the ... - Read More
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