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News articles about "Detector"

Ultra sensitive detection of radio waves with lasers

Radio waves are used for many measurements and applications for example in communication with mobile phones MRI scans scientific experiments and cosmic observations But 'noise' in the detector of the measuring instrument limits how sensitive ... - Read More

Biomedical engineer pursues development of five-dimensional imaging technology

Virginia Tech biomedical engineering faculty member Guohua Cao director of the X Ray Systems Laboratory is leading an effort to develop a new type of X ray scanner that is an unprecedented five dimensional technology ... - Read More

Lab-on-a-chip realizes potential

Lab-on-a-chip
A portable instrument that replaces a full size laboratory provides accurate multi element analysis in less than a minute Engineers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering and colleagues at the University of ... - Read More

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery

Protein, Protein, protein
Johns Hopkins engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery By doing so the device could help doctors ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

New forensic technique for identifying cloth fibers

Crime scene investigators may soon have a new tool to help them catch evildoers Researchers have demonstrated the proof of principle for a new forensic technique to identify individual fibers of cloth which often all ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More

Molecular mirror images assigned: Safer drugs thanks to a new solution to a 150-year-old chemistry problem?

Solution
Just like gloves molecules come in so called left handed and right handed versions Until now however it could be determined only with great difficulty whether a certain molecule is right handed or left handed ... - Read More

Sewage Treatment Removes Widely Used Home and Garden Insecticides From Wastewater

was part of the 246th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS the world’s largest scientific society “We found that advanced sewage treatment reduced the levels of pyrethroids by more than ... - Read More

Researching New Detectors for Chemical, Biological Threats

typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More

Nano scientists reach holy grail in label-free cancer marker detection: Single molecules

molecules, cancer, Nano
Just months after setting a record for detecting the smallest single virus in solution researchers at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University NYU Poly have announced a new breakthrough They used a nano enhanced ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

Earth's iron core is surprisingly weak

earth, Earth
Researchers have used a diamond anvil cell to squeeze iron at pressures as high as 3 million times that felt at sea level to recreate conditions at the center of Earth The findings could refine ... - Read More
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