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News articles about "Detector"

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery

Protein, Protein, protein
Johns Hopkins engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery By doing so the device could help doctors ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

New forensic technique for identifying cloth fibers

Crime scene investigators may soon have a new tool to help them catch evildoers Researchers have demonstrated the proof of principle for a new forensic technique to identify individual fibers of cloth which often all ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More

Molecular mirror images assigned: Safer drugs thanks to a new solution to a 150-year-old chemistry problem?

Solution
Just like gloves molecules come in so called left handed and right handed versions Until now however it could be determined only with great difficulty whether a certain molecule is right handed or left handed ... - Read More

Sewage Treatment Removes Widely Used Home and Garden Insecticides From Wastewater

was part of the 246th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS the world’s largest scientific society “We found that advanced sewage treatment reduced the levels of pyrethroids by more than ... - Read More

Researching New Detectors for Chemical, Biological Threats

typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More

Nano scientists reach holy grail in label-free cancer marker detection: Single molecules

molecules, cancer, Nano
Just months after setting a record for detecting the smallest single virus in solution researchers at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University NYU Poly have announced a new breakthrough They used a nano enhanced ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

Earth's iron core is surprisingly weak

earth, Earth
Researchers have used a diamond anvil cell to squeeze iron at pressures as high as 3 million times that felt at sea level to recreate conditions at the center of Earth The findings could refine ... - Read More

World's smallest liquid droplets ever made in the lab, experiment suggests

Collisions
Physicists may have created the smallest drops of liquid ever made in the lab That possibility has been raised by the results of a recent experiment conducted by Vanderbilt physicist Julia Velkovska and her colleagues ... - Read More

Team wins Cubesat berth to gather Earth energy imbalance measurements

Earth, earth
A team of scientists has won a berth on a tiny satellite to explore one of NASA's most important frontiers in climate studies the imbalance in Earth's energy budget and the extent to which fast ... - Read More

Flawed diamonds promise sensory perfection: Electron spin extended for incredibly tiny magnetic detectors

Electron, Electron, Electron
From brain to heart to stomach the bodies of humans and animals generate weak magnetic fields that a supersensitive detector could use to pinpoint illnesses trace drugs and maybe even read minds Sensors no bigger ... - Read More
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