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News articles about "Crystals"

Tiny, brightly shining silicon crystals could be safe for deep-tissue imaging

Crystals, Silicon
Tiny silicon crystals caused no health problems in monkeys three months after large doses were injected marking a step forward in the quest to bring such materials into clinics as biomedical imaging agents according to ... - Read More

Game changer for synthesizing new materials: Method synthesizes thousands of new compounds with ultra low thermal conductivity

Conductivity, Compounds, New materials
University of Oregon chemist David C Johnson likens his lab's newly published accomplishments to combining two flavors of ice cream vanilla and chocolate and churning out thousands of flavors to appeal to any taste bud ... - Read More

Nanomaterials: Sized-up for strength

Experiments and numerical simulations show that miniaturized ultra small platinum cylinders weaken when their constituents are reduced in number Miniaturizing microscopic metallic objects while enhancing their strength is critical to developing high performance devices that ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

A new way to trap light: Phenomenon could lead to new types of lasers and sensors

Light, Light
There are several ways to trap a beam of light usually with mirrors other reflective surfaces or high tech materials such as photonic crystals But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method to ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Putting more science into the art of making nanocrystals

Preparing semiconductor quantum dots is sometimes more of a black art than a science That presents an obstacle to further progress in for example creating better solar cells or lighting devices where quantum dots offer ... - Read More

Measuring molecules in their undistorted form

Using a special electron beam apparatus scientists at Bielefeld University can determine the precise three dimensional structure of gaseous molecules To do this Professor Dr Norbert Mitzel's research team analyses the molecules in their gaseous ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Radically better smarphones may be possible using system inspired by bird migration: Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields

System
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More

A potentially life-saving protein takes shape

A tiny protein called ubiquitin so named because it is present in every cell of living things as dissimilar as hollyhocks and humans may hold the key to treatment for a variety of diseases from ... - Read More

Working backward: Computer-aided design of zeolite templates

Zeolite
aking a page from computer aided drug designers Rice University researchers have developed a computational method that chemists can use to tailor the properties of zeolites one of the world's most used industrial minerals The ... - Read More

2-D electronics take a step forward: Semiconducting films for atom-thick circuits

Films
Scientists at Rice University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL have advanced on the goal of two dimensional electronics with a method to control the growth of uniform atomic layers of molybdenum disulfide MDS MDS ... - Read More

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Bringing cheaper, 'greener' lighting to market with inkjet-printed hybrid quantum dot LEDs

Quantum, Quantum
It's not easy going green For home lighting applications organic light emitting diodes OLEDs hold the promise of being both environmentally friendly and versatile Though not as efficient as regular light emitting diodes LEDs they ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

Biologists take snapshot of fleeting protein process

Protein, Protein, protein
Structural biologists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine BCM have captured the first three dimensional crystalline snapshot of a critical but fleeting process that takes place thousands of times per second in each ... - Read More

Microwaves make for faster, greener pharma manufacturing

Microwave radiation could provide a faster greener way to manufacture drugs according to researchers at the University of Bradford Published in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal CrystEngComm the research is the first to show ... - Read More
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