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News articles about "Crystals"

X-ray laser can solve protein structures from scratch

X-ray, Protein structures
A study shows for the first time that X ray lasers can be used to generate a complete 3 D model of a protein without any prior knowledge of its structure An international team of ... - Read More

Evidence found for granite on Mars: Red Planet more more geologically complex than thought

Complex, Granite, Mars
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Large graphene crystals with exceptional electrical properties created

Crystals, Properties
When it comes to the growth of graphene an ultrathin ultrastrong all carbon material it is survival of the fittest according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin The team used surface oxygen ... - Read More

Fantastic phonons: Blocking sound, channeling heat with 'unprecedented precision'

Heat, Sound
Imagine living on a bustling city block but free from the noise of car horns and people on the street The emerging field of phononics could one day make this a reality The phonon like ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

New findings could overcome stumbling blocks to tissue cryopreservation

cells, cells
Developing an efficient way to freeze and store living tissues could transform many aspects of medical care and research but ice crystallization often occurs within cells during such cryopreservation procedures leading to cell death In ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Quantum reality more complex than previously thought

Complex
Imagine you order a delivery of several glass vases in different colors Each vase is sent as a separate parcel What would you think of the courier if the parcels arrive apparently undamaged yet when ... - Read More

Spinning atoms in light crystals

Crystals
After more than 40 years of intense research experimental physicists still seek to explore the rich behaviour of electrons confined to a two dimensional crystalline structure exposed to large magnetic fields Now a team of ... - Read More

Physicists provide new insights into coral skeleton formation

Crystals
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation Their investigations carried out at the nanoscale provide valuable new information for scientists ... - Read More

Plasmonic crystal alters to match light-frequency source: Device is like a photonic crystal, but smaller and tunable

Crystal
Gems are known for the beauty of the light that passes through them But it is the fixed atomic arrangements of these crystals that determine the light frequencies permitted passage Now a Sandia led team ... - Read More

Molecular biology: Designer of protein factories exposed

Molecular biology
For 10 years Patrick Cramer and his colleagues at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have probed the structure of RNA polymerase I a crucial cog in the machinery of all cells Now they unveil ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More

Breakthrough for solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Did you know that crystals form the basis for the penetrating icy blue glare of car headlights and could be fundamental to the future in solar energy technology Crystals are at the heart of diodes ... - Read More

Crystal Mysteries Spiral Deeper

crystals with one screw dislocation seemed to form stacked hexagonal “islands” while those with two proximal screw dislocations produced a six sided spiral staircase A re examination of these micrographs by Molecular Design Institute scientist ... - Read More
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