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News articles about "Crystals"

Engineers design 'living materials': Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that emit light

Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Bright future for protein nanoprobes

The term a brighter future might be a cliché but in the case of ultra small probes for lighting up individual proteins it is now most appropriate Researchers at the U S Department of Energy ... - Read More

A brake for spinning molecules: Precise control of rotational temperature of molecular ions for lab-based astrochemistry

The precise control of the rotational temperature of molecular ions opens up new possibilities for laboratory based astrochemistry Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth An international ... - Read More

A shocking diet: Researchers describe microbe that 'eats' electricity

There have been plenty of fad diets that captured the public's imagination over the years but Harvard scientists have identified what may be the strangest of them all sunlight and electricity Led by Peter Girguis ... - Read More

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Swiss Cheese Crystal, or High-Tech Sponge?

and the researchers attached a light responsive chemical group called a diarylethene to the organic component of their material Diarylethene is special because it houses a ring of atoms that is normally open but shuts ... - Read More

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment

Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property they breathe a toxic metal to survive Researchers from the ... - Read More

Researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses

Crystal
A team of material scientists chemical engineers and physicists from the University of Pennsylvania has made another advance in their effort to use liquid crystals as a medium for assembling structures In their earlier studies ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets: Faster, more accurate imaging of hard-to-study membrane proteins

Membrane, Membrane
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

Salt under pressure is not NaCl

Salt, Pressure
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets

Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

Scientists decode serotonin receptor at room temperature

Serotonin
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

A new material for solar panels could make them cheaper, more efficient

New material
A unique solar panel design made with a new ceramic material points the way to potentially providing sustainable power cheaper more efficiently and requiring less manufacturing time It also reaches a four decade old goal ... - Read More

Revolutionizing solar energy: Quantum waves found at the heart of organic solar cells

Solar energy
Researchers have been able to tune ‘coherence’ in organic nanostructures due to the surprise discovery of wavelike electrons in organic materials revealing the key to generating “long lived charges” in organic solar cells material that ... - Read More

Flexible, stretchable fire-ant rafts

Structure, Structure
What do Jell O toothpaste and floating fire ant rafts have in common All are so called viscoelastic materials meaning that they can both resist flow under stress like honey and they can bounce back ... - Read More
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