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News articles about "Crystallography"

Popular Artificial Sweetener Could Lead to New Treatments for Aggressive Cancers

comes in In earlier work scientists from a group led by Claudiu T Supuran Ph D at the University of Florence Italy discovered that saccharin inhibits the actions of carbonic anhydrase IX but not the ... - Read More

The ecstasy and the agony: Compression studies of MDMA

MDMA 3 4 methyenedioxymethamphetamine a Class A substance that is usually found in a tableted form is a psychoactive drug which is structurally similar to methylamphetamine and acts as a central nervous system stimulant producing ... - Read More

Microbial soil cleanup at Fukushima

Proteins from salt loving halophilic microbes could be the key to cleaning up leaked radioactive strontium and caesium ions from the Fukushima Dai ichi Nuclear Power Plant incident in Japan The publication of the X ... - Read More

New tool for detecting, destroying norovirus

Infection with highly contagious noroviruses while not usually fatal can lead to a slew of unpleasant symptoms such as excessive vomiting and diarrhea Current treatment options are limited to rehydration of the patient Additionally noroviruses ... - Read More

X-ray imaging of a single virus in 3-D

Since the determination of the molecular structure of myoglobin in 1957 X ray crystallography has been the defining tool of structural biology allowing researchers to determine the structure and hence the function of tens of ... - Read More

Smart crystallization

A novel nucleating agent that builds on the concept of molecularly imprinted polymers MIPs could allow crystallographers access to proteins and other biological macromolecules that are usually reluctant to form crystals The semi liquid non ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Quest for efficiency in thermoelectric nanowires

Efficiency is big in the tiny world of thermoelectric nanowires Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories say better materials and manufacturing techniques for the nanowires could allow carmakers to harvest power from the heat wasted by ... - Read More

Chromium-centered cycloparaphenylene rings as new tools for making functionalized nanocarbons

A team of chemists at Nagoya University has synthesized novel transition metal complexed cycloparaphenylenes CPPs that enable selective monofunctionalization of CPPs for the first time opening doors to the construction of unprecedented nanocarbons Professor Kenichiro ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules

An international team including scientists from Arizona State University the University of Milwaukee Madison UMW and Germany's Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY have caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work using an X ray laser Their ... - Read More

X-ray laser reveals how bacterial protein morphs in response to light

Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More

Unravelling the complexity of proteins

Knowledge of the three dimensional structures of proteins is essential for understanding biological processes Structures help to explain molecular and biochemical functions visualize details of macromolecular interactions facilitate understanding of underlying biochemical mechanisms and define ... - Read More

X-ray vision of photosynthesis: New technique facilitates analysis of biomolecules in a near-natural state

Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes in nature The complex method by which all green plants harvest sunlight and thereby produce the oxygen in our air is still not fully understood Researchers have ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed

Iron is the most abundant trace element in humans As a cofactor of certain proteins it plays an essential role in oxygen transport and metabolism Due to the major importance of iron in a wide ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Breakthrough allows researchers to watch molecules

A new crystallographic technique developed at the University of Leeds is set to transform scientists' ability to observe how molecules work A research paper published in the journal Nature Methods on October 5 describes a ... - Read More
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