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News articles about "Crust"

High-strength materials from the pressure cooker: New materials made quickly and in eco-friendly manner

A Surprise in Materials Chemistry At Vienna University of Technology materials for lightweight construction protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures This process is faster better and more ... - Read More

An experiment recreates the crust of Jupiter's moon Europa

Water salts and gases dissolved in the huge ocean that scientists believe could exist below Europa´s icy crust can rise to the surface generating the enigmatic geological formations associated to red tinged materials that can ... - Read More

Soil production breaks geologic speed record

Earth, earth
Geologic time is shorthand for slow paced But new measurements from steep mountaintops in New Zealand show that rock can transform into soil more than twice as fast as previously believed possible The findings were ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Rain as acidic as lemon juice may have contributed to ancient mass extinction

Lemon juice
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history About 252 million years ago ... - Read More

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Minerals, Minerals
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More

Copper promises cheaper, sturdier fuel cells

Fuel, Fuel cells
Copper adorns the Statue of Liberty makes sturdy affordable wiring and helps our bodies absorb iron Now researchers at Duke University would like to use copper to transform sunlight and water into a chemical fuel ... - Read More

Underwater 'tree rings' show 650 years of sea ice change

sea, Ice
Almost 650 years of annual change in sea ice cover can been seen in the calcite crust growing among layers of seafloor algae says a new study from the University of Toronto Mississauga UTM This ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

The next big thing in the energy sector: Photovoltaic generated DC electricity

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Energy consumption continues to grow The costs of generation and transmission of energy must come down for the increased consumption to be sustainable Energy must be generated without depleting resources without causing pollution and without ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Rare earths in bacteria: Methane-decomposing bacteria from hot springs need the valuable metals to produce energy

Bacteria, bacteria
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all These metals are used in mobile telephones display screens and computers And they are apparently indispensable for some organisms as well A team of ... - Read More

Paleontologist presents origin of life theory

Earth, earth
It has baffled humans for millennia how did life begin on planet Earth Now new research from a Texas Tech University paleontologist suggests it may have rained from the skies and started in the bowels ... - Read More

Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances

Yield
Researchers at Oregon State University and the University of Oregon today announced a scientific advance that has eluded researchers for more than 100 years a platform to study and fully understand the aqueous chemistry of ... - Read More

Texas Tech Paleontologist Presents Origin of Life Theory

Released 10 29 2013 11 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom Texas Tech University more news from this source Oct 30 2013 It has baffled humans for millennia how did life begin on planet Earth Now new ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More
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