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News articles about "crops"

As carbon dioxide levels rise, some crop nutrients will fall, researchers find

Researchers have some bad news for future farmers and eaters As carbon dioxide levels rise this century some grains and legumes will become significantly less nutritious than they are today The new findings are reported ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Determining biocontainers' carbon footprint

Many efforts to reduce the environmental impacts associated with commercial horticulture production have failed to influence the general public For example one recent study showed that the use of organic fertilizers offered no significant marketing ... - Read More

Small-scale, urban allotments yield food, healthy soil, study finds

Soils under Britain's allotments are significantly healthier than intensively farmed soils researchers have found This is the first study to show that by growing at small scale in urban areas it is possible to produce ... - Read More

Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows' gut bacteria The findings reported in mBio® the online ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Biodiesel from alligator fat reduces waste

Chicken fat pork fat or beef fat none is the cornerstone of a healthful diet but animal fats including those from alligators could give an economical ecofriendly boost to the biofuel industry according to researchers ... - Read More

Loss of biodiversity limits toxin degradation

You might not think of microbes when you consider biodiversity but it turns out that even a moderate loss of less than 5% of soil microbes may compromise some key ecosystem functions and could lead ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Lost freshwater may double climate change effects on agriculture

Agriculture, Freshwater
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Defending food crops: Whitefly experimentation to prevent contamination of agriculture

Agriculture, crops
On November 8th JoVE the Journal of Visualized Experiments will introduce a new technique to aid in the development of defenses against diseases threatening food crops worldwide The method published under the title Transmitting Plant ... - Read More

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid north

crops
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in Earth's far north because the waters were virtually devoid of nitrogen unlike other areas of the globe scientists have studied Instead the hardy ... - Read More

Geoengineering the climate could reduce vital rains

Climate, climate
Although a significant build up in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would alter worldwide precipitation patterns a widely discussed technological approach to reduce future global warming would also interfere with rainfall and snowfall new research ... - Read More

Less toxic metabolites, more chemical product

Chemical product, Chemical product
The first dynamic regulatory system that prevents the build up of toxic metabolites in engineered microbes has been reported by a team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy ... - Read More

Hypoxia Issues in the Gulf of Mexico

The Mississippi River Basin is home to much of the United States' fertile crop land Though we need our food and energy crops their production has led to an increase in the levels of nutrients ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More
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