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News articles about "Contaminants"

Recycling astronaut urine for energy and drinking water

On the less glamorous side of space exploration there's the more practical problem of waste in particular what to do with astronaut pee But rather than ejecting it into space scientists are developing a new ... - Read More

Forever clean? Metal–organic 'micromushrooms' repel all

A clever chemical transformation yields surface bound microstructures that efficiently drive away oil and water based contaminants Natural surfaces that repel water such as lotus leaves or butterfly wings often have a rough microscale texture ... - Read More

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems

Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia ... - Read More

'Super bacteria' clean up after oil spills

Norwegian researchers in Trondheim have achieved surprising results by exploiting nature's own ability to clean up after oil spills Scientists know that marine bacteria can assist in cleaning up after oil spills What is surprising ... - Read More

Made in China for us: Air pollution tied to exports

Chinese air pollution blowing across the Pacific Ocean is often caused by the manufacturing of goods for export to the U S and Europe according to findings by UC Irvine and other researchers published today ... - Read More

Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment

Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property they breathe a toxic metal to survive Researchers from the ... - Read More

Loss of biodiversity limits toxin degradation

You might not think of microbes when you consider biodiversity but it turns out that even a moderate loss of less than 5% of soil microbes may compromise some key ecosystem functions and could lead ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube sponge shows improved water clean-up

A carbon nanotube sponge capable of soaking up water contaminants such as fertilisers pesticides and pharmaceuticals more than three times more efficiently than previous efforts has been presented in a new study published today The ... - Read More

Acid mine drainage reduces radioactivity in fracking waste

Acid
Much of the naturally occurring radioactivity in fracking wastewater might be removed by blending it with another wastewater from acid mine drainage according to a Duke University led study Fracking wastewater and acid mine drainage ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

Heavy air pollution in Canadian area with cancer spikes

cancer
Levels of contaminants higher than in some of the world's most polluted cities have been found downwind of Canada's largest oil gas and tar sands processing zone in a rural area where men suffer elevated ... - Read More

Fique fibers from Andes Mountains part of miracle solution for dye pollution, find scientists

Solution
A cheap and simple process using natural fibers embedded with nanoparticles can almost completely rid water of harmful textile dyes in minutes report Cornell University and Colombian researchers who worked with native Colombian plant fibers ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More

Spinning CDs to clean sewage water

Water, Water, Water
Audio CDs all the rage in the '90s seem increasingly obsolete in a world of MP3 files and iPods leaving many music lovers with the question of what to do with their extensive compact disk ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More

The Real Reason to Worry About Bees

a condition sometimes termed colony collapse disorder CCD Although honeybees have been doing better in recent years something continues to kill about 1 in every 3 honeybees each year He spoke at a symposium on ... - Read More

Unraveling the mystery of Saharan dust migration

Satellite pictures of Saharan dust clouds have been in the news all summer but to Shankar Chellam they have just raised more questions How much impact did the Saharan dust have on Houston's air Is ... - Read More

New risk model sheds light on arsenic risk in China's groundwater

Light, Light
Arsenic laden groundwater used for cooking and drinking could pose a risk to the health of almost 20 million people across China This is shown by a study carried out by Eawag scientists in collaboration ... - Read More

Surprising result discovered when looking into effects of carbon nanotubes and soil sorption of toxicants

When it comes to carbon nanotubes CNTs in the soil recent research at Texas Tech University shows that the new materials do not affect the sorption of the toxic part of oil called polycyclic aromatic ... - Read More
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