All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Condensed"

Using magnetic fields to understand high-temperature superconductivity

Taking our understanding of quantum matter to new levels scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are exposing high temperature superconductors to very high magnetic fields changing the temperature at which the materials become perfectly conducting ... - Read More

Magnetic quantum crystals

In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms MPQ scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg atoms Materials with a defined crystal structure are a familiar phenomenon in condensed matter physics A crystal exhibits a ... - Read More

High performance, lightweight supercapacitor electrodes of the future

As a novel energy storage device supercapacitors have attracted substantial attention in recent years due to their ultra high charge and discharge rate excellent stability long cycle life and very high power density Imagine charging ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Experimental 'short cut' reduces from millennia to minutes the time needed to measure glass viscosity

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the MATGAS research centre the Universitá di Roma La Sapienza and the Politecnico di Milano have designed a method which indirectly measures the viscosity of glass something ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Self-destructive effects of magnetically-doped ferromagnetic topological insulators

The discovery of topologically protected electrical conductivity on the surface of some materials whose bulk interior acts as an insulator was among the most sensational advances in the last decade of condensed matter physics with ... - Read More

Liquids and glasses relax, too -- but not like you thought

A new insight into the fundamental mechanics of the movement of molecules recently published by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST offers a surprising view of what happens when you pour ... - Read More

Possible avenue to better electrolyte for lithium ion batteries

The lithium ion batteries that mobilize our electronic devices need to be improved if they are to power electric vehicles or store electrical energy for the grid Berkeley Lab researchers looking for a better understanding ... - Read More

Meteorology meets metrology: Climate research high up in the clouds

Barely has the research aircraft HALO entered the kilometre high clouds towering above the Brazilian rainforest than the researchers find themselves in a complete haze but they can rely on the measuring instruments that are ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

Special chromosomal structures control key genes

that is filled with roughly three meters of DNA As the instructions for all cell processes the DNA must be accessible to the cell’s transcription machinery yet be compressed tightly enough to fit inside the ... - Read More

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero

Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter The researchers are not shining light through crystal they are transforming light into ... - Read More

From pencil marks to quantum computers

One of the hottest materials in condensed matter research today is graphene Graphene had an unlikely start it began with researchers messing around with pencil marks on paper Pencil lead is actually made of graphite ... - Read More

Vanishing da Vinci: Nondestructive way to determine state of degradation of ancient works of art

One of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpieces drawn in red chalk on paper during the early 1500s and widely believed to be a self portrait is in extremely poor condition Centuries of exposure to humid storage ... - Read More

Creating tabletop light sources in the lab: Physicist builds useful light source from harmonic generation

A Kansas State University physicist's proposal may lead to a new way of creating tabletop light sources in the laboratory Cheng Jin research associate in physics Chii Dong Lin university distinguished professor of physics and ... - Read More

Quantum mechanisms of organic devices for alternative solar panels are revealed

Silicon panel based technology requires a very costly contaminating manufacturing process while organic photovoltaic OPV devices have been positioned as one of the most attractive alternatives as a source of solar energy This research has ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More
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