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News articles about "Compounds"

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Toxicologists outline key health and environmental concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing

Date May 9 2014 Source Society of Toxicology Summary Since the rise in the use of hydraulic fracturing of shale to produce natural gas and oil many have debated the merits and detractions of the ... - Read More

Airborne measurements confirm leaks from oil and gas operations

During two days of intensive airborne measurements oil and gas operations in Colorado's Front Range leaked nearly three times as much methane a greenhouse gas as predicted based on inventory estimates and seven times as ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

High-efficiency water treatment using light using a novel UV-light system

Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More

Recycling to ensure sufficient raw materials for the future

About 70 billion tons of raw materials are extracted world wide annually That is twice as much as at the end of the 1970s This trend is continuing even with finite resources One way to ... - Read More

Fluorescent sensor developed for detecting nitric oxide, a molecule related to many diseases

The detection of certain chemical compounds in our body is essential to prevent many diseases and set out their treatment Thus making advances in the development of compounds that can be easily detected is key ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants

Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot When faced with a bad situation such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak they have no option to flee but instead must ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

Flexible battery, no lithium required: Lab creates thin-film battery for portable, wearable electronics

A Rice University laboratory has flexible portable and wearable electronics in its sights with the creation of a thin film for energy storage Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues have developed a flexible material ... - Read More

Discovery of novel gold-based superconductor

Researchers at Japan's National Institute for Materials Science NIMS have synthesized a novel superconductor SrAuSi3 which contains gold as a principal constituent element Led by Masaaki Isobe a team consisting of Hiroyuki Yoshida Koji Kimoto ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More

Computer program could help solve arson cases

Sifting through the chemical clues left behind by arson is delicate time consuming work but University of Alberta researchers teaming with RCMP scientists in Canada have found a way to speed the process A computer ... - Read More
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