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News articles about "Composites"

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Mantis shrimp stronger than airplanes: Composite material inspired by shrimp stronger than standard used in airplane frames

Inspired by the fist like club of a mantis shrimp a team of researchers led by University of California Riverside in collaboration with University of Southern California and Purdue University have developed a design structure ... - Read More

New self-healing plastics developed

Scratches in the car finish or cracks in polymer material Self healing materials can repair themselves by restoring their initial molecular structure after the damage Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Evonik Industries ... - Read More

Nanotube composites greatly increase efficiency of next generation of solar cells

Carbon nanotubes are becoming increasingly attractive for photovoltaic solar cells as a replacement to silicon Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that controlled placement of the carbon nanotubes into nano structures produces a ... - Read More

Green innovator: Turning chicken feathers and plant fiber into eco-leather, bio-based circuit boards

Green
The Environmental Protection Agency has honored the University of Delaware's Richard Wool with its Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for his extensive work developing bio based materials to support the green energy infrastructure Wool was ... - Read More

Polymer gel, heal thyself: Engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged

Composites, Gel, Engineering, Polymer
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More

Step closer to composite-based electronics

A new study demonstrates that electrical resistivity obeys a staircase like dependence on the conducting particle concentration in composite materials Composite materials are of increasing interest to physicists Typically they are made of electrically conducting ... - Read More

Scientists ID new catalyst for cleanup of nitrites

Catalyst
Chemical engineers at Rice University have found a new catalyst that can rapidly break down nitrites a common and harmful contaminant in drinking water that often results from overuse of agricultural fertilizers Nitrites and their ... - Read More

Water glides freely across 'nanodrapes' made from the world's thinnest material

Material, Material
Engineering researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new drape made from graphene the thinnest material known to science which can enhance the water resistant properties of materials with rough surfaces These nanodrapes are ... - Read More

Engineers make golden breakthrough to improve electronic devices

Engineering
A Kansas State University chemical engineer has discovered that a new member of the ultrathin materials family has great potential to improve electronic and thermal devices Vikas Berry William H Honstead professor of chemical engineering ... - Read More

Wonders of nature inspire exotic synthetic materials

In this month's edition of Physics World a group of physicists describe how unique structures in the natural world are inspiring scientists to develop new types of materials with unprecedented properties From adhesive tape inspired ... - Read More

Tetrapod nanocrystals light the way to stronger polymers

nanocrystals
Fluorescent tetrapod nanocrystals could light the way to the future design of stronger polymer nanocomposites A team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab has ... - Read More

Not-weak knots bolster carbon fiber

Carbon, carbon
Large flakes of graphene oxide are the essential ingredient in a new recipe for robust carbon fiber created at Rice University The fiber spun at Rice is unique for the strength of its knots Most ... - Read More

Artificial bone: Designing synthetic materials and quickly turning the design into reality with 3-D printing

Materials, materials
Researchers working to design new materials that are durable lightweight and environmentally sustainable are increasingly looking to natural composites such as bone for inspiration Bone is strong and tough because its two constituent materials soft ... - Read More

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

20-million-year-old amber shatters theories of glass as a liquid

Glass
Fact or fiction Stained glass found in medieval cathedrals becomes thicker at the bottom because glass moves over time For years researchers have had their doubts now a team at Texas Tech University has further ... - Read More

Silicone liquid crystal stiffens with repeated compression: Discovery may point toward self-healing materials

Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Silicone, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Silicone, Silicone, Silicone, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal
Squeeze a piece of silicone and it quickly returns to its original shape as squishy as ever But scientists at Rice University have discovered that the liquid crystal phase of silicone becomes 90 percent stiffer ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Topic of Dozens of New Scientific Reports This Week

intramolecular or intermolecular Here we report results on radical cation stability and reactivity for possible redox shuttles in order to understand the possible mechanisms for the shuttle reaction in batteries DFT design and study of ... - Read More
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