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News articles about "Complex"

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

Nanofiber sensor detects diabetes or lung cancer faster and easier

cancer
Today's technological innovation enables smartphone users to diagnose serious diseases such as diabetes or lung cancer quickly and effectively by simply breathing into a small gadget a nanofiber breathing sensor mounted on the phones Il ... - Read More

New theory proposes solution to long-running debate as to how stable the Earth system is

System, Earth system, Solution
Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed an answer to the long running debate as to how stable the Earth system is Earth with its core driven magnetic field oceans of liquid water dynamic ... - Read More

2-D electronics take a step forward: Semiconducting films for atom-thick circuits

Films
Scientists at Rice University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL have advanced on the goal of two dimensional electronics with a method to control the growth of uniform atomic layers of molybdenum disulfide MDS MDS ... - Read More

New framework for understanding the energetics of ionic liquids

Ions
A new study by researchers at UC Santa Barbara provides clues into the understanding of the behavior of the charged molecules or particles in ionic liquids The new framework may lead to the creation of ... - Read More

Three-billion-year-old microfossils include plankton

Carbon, carbon
Spindle shaped inclusions in three billion year old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time according to an international team of researchers It is surprising to ... - Read More

NASA to study how pollution, storms and climate mix

NASA
NASA aircraft will take to the skies over the southern United States this summer to investigate how air pollution and natural emissions which are pushed high into the atmosphere by large storms affect atmospheric composition ... - Read More

First observation of spin Hall effect in a quantum gas is step toward 'atomtronics'

Hall Effect, Gas
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have reported* the first observation of the spin Hall effect in a Bose Einstein condensate BEC a cloud of ultracold atoms acting as a single ... - Read More

New microfluidic method expands toolbox for nanoparticle manipulation

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign have developed a new flow based method for manipulating and confining single particles in free solution a process that will help address current challenges faced by ... - Read More

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world

Earth, earth
Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life In fact new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world Lawrence Livermore scientist Nir Goldman ... - Read More

White-tailed deer and the science of yellow snow

Science, Science
New research from wildlife ecologists at Michigan Technological University indicates that white tailed deer may be making the soil in their preferred winter homes unfit to grow the very trees that protect them there Bryan ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Acceleration of ocean denitrification during deglaciation documented

As ice sheets melted during the deglaciation of the last ice age and global oceans warmed oceanic oxygen levels decreased and denitrification accelerated by 30 to 120 percent a new international study shows creating oxygen ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Detecting mirror molecules: New technique reliably tells left-handed from right-handed variant of a compound

Harvard physicists have developed a novel technique that can detect molecular variants in chemical mixtures greatly simplifying a process that is one of the most important though time consuming processes in analytical chemistry As described ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More
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