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News articles about "Combustion"

Refrigerant in car air conditioners: Refreshingly cool, potentially toxic?

The refrigerant R1234yf is being considered for use in air conditioning systems in cars Chemists at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich now show that in the event of a fire it releases the highly ... - Read More

Bionic plants: Nanotechnology could turn shrubbery into supercharged energy producers

Plants have many valuable functions They provide food and fuel release the oxygen that we breathe and add beauty to our surroundings Now a team of MIT researchers wants to make plants even more useful ... - Read More

Better combustion through plasma

Mix together air fuel and heat and you get combustion the chemical reaction that powers most engines in planes trains and automobiles And if you throw in some ionized gas plasma it turns out you ... - Read More

Technique developed to convert thermoelectric material into high performance electricity

Material, Material
A team of Clemson University physicists consisting of nanomaterial scientists Apparao Rao and Ramakrishna Podila and thermoelectricians Terry Tritt Jian He and Pooja Puneet worked synergistically through the newly established Clemson Nanomaterials Center to develop ... - Read More

First steps towards achieving better and cheaper biodiesel

Glycerol
Is there any connection between wine and biodiesel The answer is yes however surprising it may seem Acetals are chemical compounds found in many wines like port for example which give it a unique sweet ... - Read More

Non-precious metal catalysts outperforming Pt-based one

Catalysts
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER and Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new family of non precious metal catalysts These catalysts exhibit better performance ... - Read More

Super efficient combustion engine emits half the carbon dioxide

Combustion, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Combustion, carbon
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed an internal combustion engine that emits less than half the CO2 compared to a regular engine without compromising performance This corresponds to fuel consumption of less than 2.4l per ... - Read More

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide

Gas
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More

Indy 500 Race Cars Showcase Green Fuels

Mention cars that get barely 3 miles to a gallon and are built for speed rather than cleanliness and images of gas guzzling pollution belching environmental menaces burning leaded gasoline or nitro may spring to ... - Read More

New low-temperature chemical reaction explained

Temperature, Reaction, Reaction, temperature
In all the centuries that humans have studied chemical reactions just 36 basic types of reactions have been found Now thanks to the work of researchers at MIT and the University of Minnesota a 37th ... - Read More

Wildfires projected to worsen with climate change

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
Research by environmental scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences SEAS brings bad news to the western United States where firefighters are currently battling dozens of fires in at least 11 states ... - Read More

More efficient and economical capture of power plant carbon dioxide emissions

A consortium led by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a new technology that captures the carbon dioxide emissions of power plants more economically and ecologically The International Energy Agency IEA regards carbon ... - Read More

Pollutants from incense smoke cause human lung-cell inflammation

Burning incense a popular cultural practice in many parts of the world generates indoor air pollutants that may cause inflammation in human lung cells say researchers in the Gillings School of Global Public Health at ... - Read More

Climate friendly fuel cells for hydrogen cars have come one step closer

Fuel, Fuel cells
Climate friendly fuel cells for hydrogen cars have come one step closer Researchers at the Department of Chemistry University of Copenhagen have shown how to build fuel cells that produce as much electricity as current ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Efficient and inexpensive: Researchers develop catalyst material for fuel cells

Catalyst, Fuel, Fuel cells
Efficient robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology Scientists from Jülich and Berlin have developed a material for converting hydrogen and oxygen to water using a ... - Read More

New catalyst neutralizes gases responsible for climate change

Catalyst
New technology developed by the Research Group in Carbon Materials and Environmental prevents nitrous oxide decomposing it into nontoxic products The catalytic system is active efficient and stable over time and can purify gases emitted ... - Read More

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

Irradiation
New research shows that exposing polymer molecular sieve membranes to ultraviolet UV irradiation in the presence of oxygen produces highly permeable and selective membranes for more efficient molecular level separation an essential process in everything ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More
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