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News articles about "Climate"

Reindeer grazing may counteract effects of climate warming on tundra carbon sink

Local reindeer grazing history is an important determinant in the response of an ecosystem's carbon sink to climate warming say researchers at the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland Their study was published in ... - Read More

Southern Ocean iron cycle gives new insight into climate change

An international team of researchers analyzed the available data taken from all previous studies of the Southern Ocean together with satellite images taken of the area to quantify the amount of iron supplied to the ... - Read More

Why did humans replace Neanderthals? Paleo diet didn't change, the climate did

Why were Neanderthals replaced by anatomically modern humans around 40 000 years ago One popular hypothesis states that a broader dietary spectrum of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage on Neanderthals Geochemical analyses of ... - Read More

Africa's air pollution underestimated in climate change models

Human activity in Africa significantly contributes to air pollution However no detailed data regarding country by country pollutant emissions in the continent was available until now To remedy this a joint French Ivory Coast team ... - Read More

Tropical grassy ecosystems under threat, scientists warn

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that tropical grassy areas which play a critical role in the world's ecology are under threat as a result of ineffective management According to research published in ... - Read More

More accurate data on thousands of years of climate change

Using a cutting edge research technique UCLA researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world The findings published online Feb 27 in the ... - Read More

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

Effective thermal insulation with wood foam

Insulation materials of tomorrow must be both efficient and environmentally friendly Fraunhofer scientists are developing insulation foam made from wood that could re place petrochemical plastics in the long term Climate protection is now a ... - Read More

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

Soil microbes alter DNA in response to warming

As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More

Rethinking massive iceberg shifts in North Atlantic

Some Heinrich events periodic massive iceberg surges into the North Atlantic that were previously thought to have weakened the global ocean conveyor belt circulation and sent Earth's climate into the deep freeze may actually have ... - Read More

Cracked sea ice stirs up Arctic mercury concern

sea, Ice, Mercury
Vigorous mixing in the air above large cracks in Arctic sea ice that expose seawater to cold polar air pumps atmospheric mercury down to the surface finds a NASA field campaign This process can lead ... - Read More

Acidification, predators pose double threat to oysters

The once booming now struggling Olympia oyster native to the West Coast could face a double threat from ocean acidification and invasive predators according to new research from the University of California Davis' Bodega Marine ... - Read More

Nitrous oxide emissions in streams and rivers examined

Emissions
A relatively unknown hidden artificial stream called a flume located in the basement of the Idaho Water Center at Broadway and Front streets in downtown Boise is the site of a collaborative research initiative by ... - Read More

Climate Engineering: What do the public think?

Members of the public have a negative view of climate engineering the deliberate large scale manipulation of the environment to counteract climate change according to a new study The results are from researchers from the ... - Read More

High levels of molecular chlorine found in arctic atmosphere

Atmosphere, Atmosphere, molecular, Molecular
Scientists studying the atmosphere above Barrow Alaska have discovered unprecedented levels of molecular chlorine in the air a new study reports Molecular chlorine from sea salt released by melting sea ice reacts with sunlight to ... - Read More

Climate change: How does soil store carbon dioxide?

Carbon, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate, climate, carbon
Previous studies have established that carbon binds to tiny mineral particles In this latest study published in Nature Communications researchers of the Technische Universität München TUM and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have shown that the ... - Read More

Symbiotic fungi inhabiting plant roots have major impact on atmospheric carbon, scientists say

Fungi, Atmospheric
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

Massive exoplanets may be more Earth-like than thought: 'Super-Earths' likely to have oceans, continents

Oceans
Massive terrestrial planets called super Earths are known to be common in our galaxy the Milky Way Now a Northwestern University astrophysicist and a University of Chicago geophysicist report the odds of these planets having ... - Read More
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