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News articles about "Climate"

Research into carbon storage in Arctic tundra reveals unexpected insight into ecosystem resiliency

Carbon, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, carbon
When UC Santa Barbara doctoral student Seeta Sistla and her adviser environmental studies professor Josh Schimel went north not long ago to study how long term warming in the Arctic affects carbon storage they had ... - Read More

Fall warming on Antarctic Peninsula driven by tropically forced circulation

sea
The eastern side of the Antarctic Peninsula a finger of the southern polar continent that juts toward South America has experienced summer warming of perhaps a half degree per decade a greater rate than possibly ... - Read More

Revealing hidden fungal species using DNA: The importance of recognizing cryptic diversity

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Our ability to assess biological diversity ecosystem health ecological interactions and a wide range of other important processes is largely dependent on accurately recognizing species However identifying and describing species is not always a straightforward ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

Setting the standard for sustainable bioenergy crops

crops
Bioenergy crops such as Miscanthus and switchgrass appear to be promising resources for renewable energy but these new crops did not come with a manual on how to measure details on their sustainability impacts Jody ... - Read More

The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data

sea
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that ... - Read More

Brighter clouds, cooler climate? Organic vapors affect clouds, leading to previously unidentified climate cooling

Climate, climate
University of Manchester scientists writing in the journal Nature Geoscience have shown that natural emissions and humanmade pollutants can both have an unexpected cooling effect on Earth's climate by making clouds brighter Clouds are made ... - Read More

As climate changes, boreal forests to shift north and relinquish more carbon than expected

Carbon, Climate, climate, carbon
It's difficult to imagine how a degree or two of warming will affect a location Will it rain less What will happen to the area's vegetation New Berkeley Lab research offers a way to envision ... - Read More

New plant protein discoveries could ease global food and fuel demands

Fuel
New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests increase salt and drought tolerance control water loss and store sugar can have profound implications for ... - Read More

Lake found in Sierra Nevada with the oldest remains of atmospheric contamination in Southern Europe

Atmospheric
A team of scientists find in the Laguna de Rio Seco lagoon at an altitude of 3 020 m evidence of atmospheric pollution caused by lead and linked to metallurgical activities from 3 900 years ... - Read More

Exploring the saltiness of the ocean to study climate change

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
Details are emerging from a recent research expedition to the Sub Tropical North Atlantic The objective of the expedition was to study the salt concentration salinity of the upper ocean Scientists aboard the Spanish research ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Keeping beverages cool in summer: I''s not just the heat, it's the humidity

Heat, Beverages
In spring a person's thoughts turn to important matters like how best to keep your drink cold on a hot day Though this quest is probably as old as civilization University of Washington climate scientists ... - Read More

How trees play role in smog production

Smog
After years of scientific uncertainty and speculation researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show exactly how trees help create one of society's predominant environmental and health concerns air pollution Share This ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

Ice tubes in polar seas -- 'brinicles' or 'sea stalactites' -- provide clues to origin of life

sea, Ice
Life on Earth may have originated not in warm tropical seas but with weird tubes of ice sometimes called sea stalactites that grow downward into cold seawater near Earth's poles scientists are reporting Their article ... - Read More

Insights into deadly coral bleaching could help preserve reefs: Surprising result from study of 1893 World's Fair corals

Light, Light
Coral reefs are stressed the world over and could be in mortal danger because of climate change But why do some corals die and others not even when exposed to the same environmental conditions Share ... - Read More

Residential lawns efflux more carbon dioxide than corn fields, study finds

More carbon dioxide is released from residential lawns than corn fields according to a new study And much of the difference can likely be attributed to soil temperature The data from researchers at Elizabethtown College ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More
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