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News articles about "Climate"

First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world

marine, Marine
Under the microscope they look like they could be from another planet but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers To begin to identify where when and how much ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide spurs wetlands to absorb more carbon

Carbon, carbon
form molecules of three carbon atoms during photosynthesis and they tend to photosynthesize more as atmospheric CO2 rises C4 plants form molecules of four carbon atoms But for C4 plants photosynthesis is saturated with CO2 ... - Read More

Educators explore innovative theater as a way to learn physics

In a study released last week education researchers found that personifying energy allowed students to grapple with difficult ideas about how energy works Contrasted with more traditional lectures and graphs this innovative instructional technique may ... - Read More

Smoke from Canadian wildfires observed in Europe

System
This summer Canada is experiencing unusually extensive wildfires This week alone 341 new forest fires have consumed a total area of 616 000 hectares The smoke clouds produced by the fires in Canada have now ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

Arctic sea ice during the Pliocene era

New research by UM bioclimatology Assistant Professor Ashley Ballantyne models the influence of Arctic sea ice on Arctic temperatures during the Pliocene era His research was published in the Research Highlight section of the July ... - Read More

'Peak oil' concerns should ease, experts predict

Substitution, Substitution
Fears of depleting Earth's supply of oil are unwarranted according to new research which concludes that the demand for oil as opposed to the supply will reach its own peak and then decline Peak oil ... - Read More

Trees use water more efficiently as atmospheric carbon dioxide rises

Atmospheric
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More

Improved interpretation of volcanic traces in ice

Ice
How severely have volcanoes contaminated the atmosphere with sulfur particles in past millennia To answer this question scientists use ice cores among others as climate archives But the results differ particularly in some major volcanic ... - Read More

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted

Global warming, Global warming
Wildfires produce a witch's brew of carbon containing particles as anyone downwind of a forest fire can attest A range of fine carbonaceous particles rising high into the air significantly degrade air quality damaging human ... - Read More

Corals cozy up with bacterial buddies

Bacteria, bacteria
Corals may let certain bacteria get under their skin according to a new study by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology KAUST and soon to be ... - Read More

Greenhouse gas likely altering ocean foodchain: Atmospheric CO2 has big consequences for tiny bacteria

Atmospheric, Gas
Climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain selecting certain strains for survival according to a new study In climate change as in everything there are ... - Read More

Atmospheric CO2 has big consequences for the tiny bacteria that are foundation of most of life in the sea

Atmospheric, sea
Climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain selecting certain strains for survival according to a new study In climate change as in everything there are ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

Global warming may affect soil microbe survival, with unknown consequences on soil fertility and erosion

Soil fertility
Arizona State University researchers have discovered for the first time that temperature determines where key soil microbes can thrive microbes that are critical to forming topsoil crusts in arid lands And of concern the scientists ... - Read More

Algae shows promise as pollution-fighter, fuel-maker

Fuel
A hardy algae species is showing promise in both reducing power plant pollution and making biofuel based on new research at the University of Delaware The microscopic algae Heterosigma akashiwo grows rapidly on a gas ... - Read More

Stop hyperventilating, say energy efficiency researchers

A single advanced building control now in development could slash 18 percent tens of thousands of dollars off the overall annual energy bill of the average large office building with no loss of comfort according ... - Read More

Siberian caves warn of permafrost meltdown

Climate records captured in Siberian caves suggest 1.5 degrees of warming is enough to trigger thawing of permafrost according to a paper to be given at the Geological Society of London on 27 June Permafrost ... - Read More

Predators affect the carbon cycle, study shows

A new study shows that the predator prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem This previously unmeasured influence on the environment may offer a new way of looking at biodiversity management ... - Read More
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