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News articles about "Chemicals"

Can plants provide petroleum-derived chemicals?

Plant scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids the building blocks of oils can link up to efficiently pass intermediate products ... - Read More

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Toxicologists outline key health and environmental concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing

Date May 9 2014 Source Society of Toxicology Summary Since the rise in the use of hydraulic fracturing of shale to produce natural gas and oil many have debated the merits and detractions of the ... - Read More

Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light

University of Adelaide research may help in the fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor that can detect tiny quantities of explosives with the use of light and special glass fibres Published in ... - Read More

Regenerating plastic grows back after damage

Looking at a smooth sheet of plastic in one University of Illinois laboratory no one would guess that an impact had recently blasted a hole through it Illinois researchers have developed materials that not only ... - Read More

Airborne measurements confirm leaks from oil and gas operations

During two days of intensive airborne measurements oil and gas operations in Colorado's Front Range leaked nearly three times as much methane a greenhouse gas as predicted based on inventory estimates and seven times as ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

High-efficiency water treatment using light using a novel UV-light system

Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More

Environmental hormones: Tiny amounts, big effects on fish

Empty nets and few species environmental hormones are believed responsible for the diminishing numbers of fish How damaging are these substances really though Studies that depict a complete picture of the lives of fish provide ... - Read More

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell: Environmentally friendly solar cell pushes forward the 'next big thing in photovoltaics'

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants

Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot When faced with a bad situation such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak they have no option to flee but instead must ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Accelerator for molecular machines discovered

How hard can it be to make a wheel rotate in a machine Very hard actually when the wheel sits in one of those nano small molecular machines that are predicted to be running our ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Urban river pollutants suppress wild bird development

Findings reveal that chicks of the Eurasian Dipper – a river bird that feeds exclusively on insects and fish in upland streams – are underweight compared to their rural counterparts Credit Image courtesy of Cardiff ... - Read More

Graphene very mobile in lakes: Risks of negative environmental impacts if released

In a first of its kind study of how a material some think could transform the electronics industry moves in water researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering found graphene oxide ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More

Breakthrough harnesses light for controlled chemical reaction

When chemist Tehshik Yoon looks out his office window he sees a source of energy to drive chemical reactions Plants learned to synthesize chemicals with sunlight eons ago Yoon came to the field a bit ... - Read More

Vacuum ultraviolet lamp of the future created

A team of researchers in Japan has developed a solid state lamp that emits high energy ultraviolet UV light at the shortest wavelengths ever recorded for such a device from 140 to 220 nanometers This ... - Read More

Ecology Team Improves Understanding of Valley-Wide Stream Chemistry

Released 4 17 2014 10 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 4 21 2014 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Virginia Tech Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged ... - Read More
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