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News articles about "Chemicals"

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

Molecules assemble in water, hint at origins of life

molecules
The base pairs that hold together two pieces of RNA the older cousin of DNA are some of the most important molecular interactions in living cells Many scientists believe that these base pairs were part ... - Read More

Engineering cells for more efficient biofuel production

In the search for renewable alternatives to gasoline heavy alcohols such as isobutanol are promising candidates Not only do they contain more energy than ethanol but they are also more compatible with existing gasoline based ... - Read More

Microbial biorefinery provides new insight into how bacteria regulate genes

Genes, Bacteria, Genes, bacteria
Digesting lignin a highly stable polymer that accounts for up to a third of biomass is a limiting step to producing a variety of biofuels Researchers at Brown have figured out the microscopic chemical switch ... - Read More

Chemists develop single molecule sieves to separate complex molecular mixtures

Complex
Chemists at the University of Liverpool have created a new technique that could be used in industry to separate complex organic chemical mixtures Share This See Also Organic Chemistry Chemistry Fossil Fuels Biochemistry Materials Science ... - Read More

Large scale production of Edge-Functionalized Graphene Nanoplatelets (EFGnPs)

Researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea have pioneered a simple but efficient and eco friendly way to produce Edge selectively functionalized graphene nanoplatelets EFGnPs by dry ball milling ... - Read More

Cell circuits remember their history: Engineers design new synthetic biology circuits that combine memory and logic

Biology, cell, cell, Biology
MIT engineers have created genetic circuits in bacterial cells that not only perform logic functions but also remember the results which are encoded in the cell's DNA and passed on for dozens of generations Share ... - Read More

Studying ice cores from West Antarctica for clues as to why the Earth began to emerge from the Ice Age

Ice
A slice of ice from 17 500 years ago can help scientists figure out how Earth came out of the Ice Age and how climate change can happen in the future according to South Dakota ... - Read More

Giant carbon molecules for sustainable technologies

Carbon
Scientists in the joint research project FUNgraphen are pinning their hopes for new technologies on a particular form of carbon They have developed new carbon macromolecules and molecular carbon composite materials with special properties The ... - Read More

A possible answer for protection against chemical/biological agents, fuel leaks, and coffee stains

A recent discovery funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research AFOSR may very well lead to a process that not only benefits every uniformed service member of the Department of Defense but everyone ... - Read More

Tomorrow's life-saving medications may currently be living at the bottom of the sea

OHSU researchers in partnership with scientists from several other institutions have published two new research papers that signal how the next class of powerful medications may currently reside at the bottom of the ocean In ... - Read More

Nanophotonics enables new kind of optical spectrometer

Spectrometer, Nanophotonics
By bringing nanophotonics technology to traditional optical spectroscopy a new kind of optical spectrometer with functions of sensing and spectral measurement has been recently demonstrated by a research team at The University of Alabama in ... - Read More

A Material That Most Liquids Won't Wet

chemicals used in refrigerators and air conditioners In Tuteja's lab in a demonstration the surface repelled coffee soy sauce and vegetable oil as well as toxic hydrochloric and sulfuric acids that could burn skin Tuteja ... - Read More

Hailstones reveal life in a storm cloud

Public
It isn't life on Mars but researchers have found a rich diversity of microbial life and chemicals in the ephemeral habitat of a storm cloud according to a study published January 23 in the open ... - Read More

Modifications of a nanoparticle can change chemical interactions with cell membranes

Chemical, Membranes, Chemical, Nanoparticle
Researchers at Syracuse University's Department of Biomedical and Chemical Engineering at L C Smith College of Engineering and Computer Science are studying the toxicity of commonly used nanoparticles particles up to one million times smaller ... - Read More

Health and environment: A closer look at plastics

Environment
Plastics have transformed modern society providing attractive benefits but also befouling waterways and aquifers depleting petroleum supplies and disrupting human health Share This See Also Health Policy Teen Health Materials Science Inorganic Chemistry Environmental Issues ... - Read More

Self-assembling silica microwires may herald new generation of integrated optical devices

Silica
Silica microwires are the tiny and as yet underutilized cousins of optical fibers If precisely manufactured however these hair like slivers of silica could enable applications and technology not currently possible with comparatively bulky optical ... - Read More

Antibacterial agent used in common soaps found in increasing amounts in freshwater lakes

When people wash their hands with antibacterial soap most don't think about where the chemicals contained in that soap end up University of Minnesota engineering researchers do Share This See Also Pharmacology Alzheimer's Research Hazardous ... - Read More

NASA ozone study may benefit air standards, climate

Ozone
A new NASA led study finds that when it comes to combating global warming caused by emissions of ozone forming chemicals location matters Share This See Also Environmental Issues Ozone Holes Air Quality Air Pollution ... - Read More

Fetal exposure to PVC plastic chemical linked to obesity in offspring

Exposing pregnant mice to low doses of the chemical tributyltin which is used in marine hull paint and PVC plastic can lead to obesity for multiple generations without subsequent exposure a UC Irvine study has ... - Read More
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