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News articles about "chemical"

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants

Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot When faced with a bad situation such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak they have no option to flee but instead must ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Accelerator for molecular machines discovered

How hard can it be to make a wheel rotate in a machine Very hard actually when the wheel sits in one of those nano small molecular machines that are predicted to be running our ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Ozone levels drop 20 percent with switch from ethanol to gasoline

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo Brazil to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible fuel vehicles local ozone ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

New lab-on-a-chip device overcomes miniaturization problems

UNSW Australia chemists have invented a new type of tiny lab on a chip device that could have a diverse range of applications including to detect toxic gases fabricate integrated circuits and screen biological molecules ... - Read More

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

Urban river pollutants suppress wild bird development

Findings reveal that chicks of the Eurasian Dipper – a river bird that feeds exclusively on insects and fish in upland streams – are underweight compared to their rural counterparts Credit Image courtesy of Cardiff ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Brain tumor cells penetrated by tiny, degradable particles carrying genetic instructions

Working together Johns Hopkins biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons report that they have created tiny biodegradable nanoparticles able to carry DNA to brain cancer cells in mice The team says the results of their proof of ... - Read More

Water test for the world: Simple pill brings lab to water to test for contamination

Inspiration can come in many forms but this one truly was a breath of fresh air A group of McMaster researchers has solved the problem of cumbersome expensive and painfully slow water testing by turning ... - Read More

Flexible battery, no lithium required: Lab creates thin-film battery for portable, wearable electronics

A Rice University laboratory has flexible portable and wearable electronics in its sights with the creation of a thin film for energy storage Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues have developed a flexible material ... - Read More

Discovery of novel gold-based superconductor

Researchers at Japan's National Institute for Materials Science NIMS have synthesized a novel superconductor SrAuSi3 which contains gold as a principal constituent element Led by Masaaki Isobe a team consisting of Hiroyuki Yoshida Koji Kimoto ... - Read More

A Water Test for the World

Released 4 28 2014 10 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom McMaster University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Angewandte ChemieApr 29 2014 HAMILTON April 28 2014 – Inspiration ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More
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