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News articles about "Cellulose"

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

Revolutionary method for gluing gels and biological tissues

Gels, biological
Researchers have discovered an efficient and easy to use method for bonding together gels and biological tissues A team headed by Ludwik Leibler involving researchers from the Laboratoire Matière Molle et Chimie CNRS ESPCI ParisTech ... - Read More

From cellulose to textile fiber

Cellulose
Aalto University has developed an internationally significant new process for working wood cellulose into a textile fiber New solutions for using fiber based materials in textile processes attract global interest Cotton production cannot be increased ... - Read More

Research paves path for hybrid nano-materials to replace pills, human tissue

A team of researchers has uncovered critical information that could help scientists understand how protein polymers interact with other self assembling biopolymers The research helps explain naturally occurring nano material within cells and could one ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Fique fibers from Andes Mountains part of miracle solution for dye pollution, find scientists

Solution
A cheap and simple process using natural fibers embedded with nanoparticles can almost completely rid water of harmful textile dyes in minutes report Cornell University and Colombian researchers who worked with native Colombian plant fibers ... - Read More

Lab chemists help find binding site of protein that allows plant growth

Plant, plant
Using a new and super sensitive instrument researchers have discovered where a protein binds to plant cell walls a process that loosens the cell walls and makes it possible for plants to grow Researchers say ... - Read More

Iowa State, Ames Lab Chemists Help Find Binding Site of Protein That Allows Plant Growth

Released 9 24 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Iowa State University more news from this source Sep 25 2013 AMES Iowa – Using a new and super sensitive instrument researchers have discovered where a ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Biomaterial, pharmacy researchers develop polymer to help oral medications reach bloodstream

All too often when a person takes a pill full of a potent and effective drug the drug passes straight through the body not reaching the organ where it is needed a waste of money ... - Read More

Bioenergy potential unearthed in leaf-cutter ant communities

Bacteria, bacteria
As spring warms up Wisconsin humans aren't the only ones tending their gardens At the University of Wisconsin Madison Department of Bacteriology colonies of leaf cutter ants cultivate thriving communities of fungi and bacteria using ... - Read More

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Paper could be basis for inexpensive diagnostic devices

Cellulose
Paper is known for its ability to absorb liquids making it ideal for products such as paper towels But by modifying the underlying network of cellulose fibers etching off surface fluff and applying a thin ... - Read More
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