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News articles about "Carbon"

High-performance, low-cost ultracapacitors built with graphene and carbon nanotubes

By combining the powers of two single atom thick carbon structures researchers at the George Washington University's Micro propulsion and Nanotechnology Laboratory have created a new ultracapacitor that is both high performance and low cost ... - Read More

Surface modification of titanium dioxide for photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutants under ordinary visible light

UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More

Mantis shrimp stronger than airplanes: Composite material inspired by shrimp stronger than standard used in airplane frames

Inspired by the fist like club of a mantis shrimp a team of researchers led by University of California Riverside in collaboration with University of Southern California and Purdue University have developed a design structure ... - Read More

Checking up on crude oil in the ground: Nanoreporters tell 'sour' oil from 'sweet'

Scientists at Rice University have created a nanoscale detector that checks for and reports on the presence of hydrogen sulfide in crude oil and natural gas while they're still in the ground The nanoreporter is ... - Read More

Steering chemical reactions with laser pulses

Usually chemical reactions just take their course much like a ball rolling downhill However it is also possible to deliberately control chemical reactions at the Vienna University of Technology molecules are hit with femtosecond laser ... - Read More

Virus structure inspires novel understanding of onion-like carbon nanoparticles

Symmetry is ubiquitous in the natural world It occurs in gemstones and snowflakes and even in biology an area typically associated with complexity and diversity There are striking examples the shapes of virus particles such ... - Read More

Forests crucial to green growth

The value of forests and tree based ecosystems extends far beyond carbon sequestration they are the foundation of sustainable societies A new report launched in Jakarta Indonesia on 21 March the International Day of Forests ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Emerging carbon trading markets offer lessons

Although markets for trading carbon emission credits to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have stalled in United States federal policy making carbon markets are emerging at the state level within the U S and around the ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle: Earth's continued habitability due to geologic cycles that act as climate control

Researchers from USC and Nanjing University in China have documented evidence suggesting that part of the reason that Earth has become neither sweltering like Venus nor frigid like Mars lies with a built in atmospheric ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

Real-time simulation of textiles with new software

Fashion designers pattern makers and tailors produce new collections using computer programs The Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD in Darmstadt is working with partners on connecting both worlds so the design process can ... - Read More

Nanotube composites greatly increase efficiency of next generation of solar cells

Carbon nanotubes are becoming increasingly attractive for photovoltaic solar cells as a replacement to silicon Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that controlled placement of the carbon nanotubes into nano structures produces a ... - Read More

High-strength materials from the pressure cooker: New materials made quickly and in eco-friendly manner

A Surprise in Materials Chemistry At Vienna University of Technology materials for lightweight construction protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures This process is faster better and more ... - Read More

Amazon inhales more carbon than it emits, NASA finds

A new NASA led study seven years in the making has confirmed that natural forests in the Amazon remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than they emit therefore reducing global warming This finding resolves ... - Read More

New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns

The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More
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