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News articles about "Carbon"

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Ancient ocean currents may have changed pacing and intensity of ice ages: Slowing of currents may have flipped switch

For decades climate scientists have tried to explain why ice age cycles became longer and more intense about 900 000 years ago switching from 41 000 year cycles to 100 000 year cycles In a ... - Read More

To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing carbon dioxide emissions

The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert Among the climate pollutants humans put into the ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Lopwood, brushwood make high-grade charcoal

When the forestry machines have finished extracting timber what is left are tops and branches waste which cannot be used However according to researchers it is possible to turn these heaps of lopwood into high ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

Researchers 'cage' water to see it change form

Scientists are using a pioneering method of 'caging' and cooling water molecules to study the change in orientation of the magnetic nuclei at the centre of each hydrogen atom a process which transforms the molecule ... - Read More

Snowballs to soot: The clumping density of many things seems to be a standard

Particles of soot floating through the air and comets hurtling through space have at least one thing in common 0.36. That reports a research group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST is ... - Read More

Charging portable electronics in 10 minutes: New architecture for lithium-ion battery anodes far outperform the current standard

Researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three dimensional silicon decorated cone shaped carbon nanotube cluster architecture for lithium ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable ... - Read More

Climate change: Termites, fungi play more important role in decomposition than temperature

Climate change models could have a thing or two to learn from termites and fungi according to a new study released this week For a long time scientists have believed that temperature is the dominant ... - Read More

Method of synthesizing new type of nickel-carbon heterofullerenes

Scientists from several British Spanish and Russian research centers MIPT Institute for Spectroscopy RAS Kurchatov Institute and Kintech Lab Ltd have come up with a method of synthesizing a new type of nickel carbon compound ... - Read More

Evolution of a bimetallic nanocatalyst

Atomic scale snapshots of a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst in action have provided insights that could help improve the industrial process by which fuels and chemicals are synthesized from natural gas coal or plant biomass A ... - Read More

State of wildland fire emissions, carbon, and climate research

Scientists know that wildland fire emissions play a significant role in the global carbon cycle and that its principal component carbon dioxide is a primary driver of climate change But predicting and quantifying the effects ... - Read More

Saving trees in tropics could cut emissions by one-fifth, study shows

Reducing deforestation in the tropics would significantly cut the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by as much as one fifth research shows In the first study of its kind scientists have calculated ... - Read More

Battery design could reduce electric car weight

Battery weight has long vexed engineers designing electric cars for the mass market Bigger batteries are needed to power a car for longer distances but their weight in turn requires the car to expend more ... - Read More

How to tell when a sewage pipe needs repair -- before it bursts

The nation's sewer system is a topic most people would prefer to avoid but its aging infrastructure is wearing out and broken pipes leaking raw sewage into streets and living rooms are forcing the issue ... - Read More

Short nanotubes target pancreatic cancer

Short customized carbon nanotubes have the potential to deliver drugs to pancreatic cancer cells and destroy them from within according to researchers at Rice University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Pristine ... - Read More

Electrical control of nuclear spin qubits: Important step towards quantum computers

Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT and their French partners succeeded in making an important step towards quantum computers Using a spin cascade in single molecule magnet the scientists demonstrated how nuclear spins can ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

Carbon-capture breakthrough

Rice University scientists have created an Earth friendly way to separate carbon dioxide from natural gas at wellheads A porous material invented by the Rice lab of chemist James Tour sequesters carbon dioxide a greenhouse ... - Read More
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