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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Carbon"

Ceramic foam cleans up exhaust gases

Foam
The introduction next year of the Euro 6 exhaust gas standard means that catalytic converters will become more expensive above all for diesel vehicles Empa is working on a catalytic substrate made of ceramic foam ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

A simple solution to air pollution from wood-burning cookstoves

Solution
Billions of people worldwide burn animal dung crop residues wood and charcoal to cook their meals And the chemicals produced and inhaled sicken or kill millions At particular risk are women who prepare their families' ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Source of organic matter affects Bay water quality

organic matter
Each time it rains runoff carries an earthy tea steeped from leaf litter crop residue soil and other organic materials into the storm drains and streams that feed Chesapeake Bay Share This See Also Sustainability ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

Residential lawns efflux more carbon dioxide than corn fields, study finds

More carbon dioxide is released from residential lawns than corn fields according to a new study And much of the difference can likely be attributed to soil temperature The data from researchers at Elizabethtown College ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Special E. coli bacteria produce diesel on demand

Bacteria, bacteria
It sounds like science fiction but a team from the University of Exeter with support from Shell has developed a method to make bacteria produce diesel on demand While the technology still faces many significant ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Scientists map all possible drug-like chemical compounds: Library of millions of small, carbon-based molecules chemists might synthesize

molecules, Chemical compounds, Compounds, Synthesize
Drug developers may have a new tool to search for more effective medications and new materials Share This See Also Chemistry Organic Chemistry Computer Programming Communications Chemical compound Molecule Chemical bond Resonance chemistry It's a ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating carbon dioxide emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More

Research harnesses solar-powered proteins to filter harmful antibiotics from water

antibiotics, antibiotics
New research just published details how University of Cincinnati researchers have developed and tested a solar powered nano filter that is able to remove harmful carcinogens and antibiotics from water sources lakes and rivers at ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating CO2 emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More

Massive amounts of charcoal enter the worlds' oceans

Oceans
Wild fire residue is washed out of the soil and transported to the sea by rivers Share This See Also Global Warming Geochemistry Forest Climate Environmental Issues Air Quality Sediment Soil science Carbon cycle Activated ... - Read More

Revolutionary new device joins world of smart electronics: New flexible, transparent, photosensitive device

Smart electronics are taking the world by storm From techno textiles to transparent electronic displays the world of intelligent technology is growing fast and a revolutionary new device has just been added to its ranks ... - Read More

Long-term exposure to fine particles of traffic pollution increases risk of heart disease

The association between road traffic and heart disease has been suggested in several studies In 2012 a large prospective cohort study from Denmark showed that traffic noise was significantly associated with risk of heart attack ... - Read More

Global warming: 'Black carbon' flowing from soil to oceans

A smaller proportion of black carbon created during combustion will remain in soil than have been estimated before Contrary to previous understanding burying black carbon in the ground in order to restrain climate change will ... - Read More

Pollution plumes in Paris air are richer in gaseous aromatic compounds than in Los Angeles

Aromatic, Compounds
What is the origin of the volatile hydrocarbons other than methane present in city air Mainly gasoline powered vehicles 1 according to a study carried out by a French US team 2 including French researchers ... - Read More
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