Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More
Massive terrestrial planets called super Earths are known to be common in our galaxy the Milky Way Now a Northwestern University astrophysicist and a University of Chicago geophysicist report the odds of these planets having ... - Read More
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More
but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More
It is increasingly recognized that climate change has the potential to threaten people and nature and that it is imperative to tackle the drivers of climate change namely greenhouse gases One way to slow climate ... - Read More
Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could make effective transparent electrodes in certain types of photovoltaic cells Graphene a one atom thick sheet of carbon that is extremely strong and conducts electricity well is ... - Read More
UNIST announced a method for the mass production of boron nitrogen co doped graphene nanoplatelets which led to the fabrication of a graphene based field effect transistor FET with semiconducting nature This opens up opportunities ... - Read More
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More
Hacking Earth's climate to counteract global warming a subject that elicits strong reactions from both sides is the topic of a December special issue of the journal Climatic Change A dozen research papers include the ... - Read More
Curtin University researchers have shown natural radioactivity within DNA can alter chemical compounds providing a new pathway for genetic mutation The research recently published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta General Subjects for the first time ... - Read More
Researchers have created a new type of molecular motor made of DNA and demonstrated its potential by using it to transport a nanoparticle along the length of a carbon nanotube The design was inspired by ... - Read More
Researchers at the UPM have developed a carbonaceous material from sewage sludge that when applied to soil can help to improve its quality The material is called biochar and was prepared and characterized by the ... - Read More
New analysis shows that policies addressing energy consumption and technology choices individually can play an important part in reducing emissions Discussions on curbing climate change tend to focus on comprehensive emissions focused measures a global ... - Read More
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More
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