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News articles about "Carbon"

Fossil kangaroo teeth reveal mosaic of Pliocene ecosystems in Queensland

The teeth of a kangaroo and other extinct marsupials reveal that southeastern Queensland 2.5 5 million years ago was a mosaic of tropical forests wetlands and grasslands and much less arid than previously thought The ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide absorption in Antarctic seas

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

Moving Iron in Antarctica

Carbon, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More

Wood not so green a biofuel? Logging may have greater impact on carbon emissions than previously thought

Green, Emissions
Using wood for energy is considered cleaner than fossil fuels but a Dartmouth College led study finds that logging may release large amounts of carbon stored in deep forest soils Global atmospheric studies often don't ... - Read More

The diabetes 'breathalyzer'

Glucose, Glucose
Diabetes patients often receive their diagnosis after a series of glucose related blood tests in hospital settings and then have to monitor their condition daily through expensive invasive methods But what if diabetes could be ... - Read More

Leakage of carbon from land to rivers, lakes, estuaries and coastal regions revealed

Carbon, carbon
When carbon is emitted by human activities into the atmosphere it is generally thought that about half remains in the atmosphere and the remainder is stored in the oceans and on land New research suggests ... - Read More

Testing artificial photosynthesis: Fully integrated microfluidic test-bed for solar-driven electrochemical energy conversion systems

Electrochemical, Photosynthesis
With the daily mean concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide having reached 400 parts per million for the first time in human history the need for carbon neutral alternatives to fossil fuel energy has never been ... - Read More

Dance of the atoms: Clustering of atoms observed

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
Lone people standing in a ballroom don't tend to move a lot It's only when they find a suitable dance partner that rapid motion sets in Atoms on iron oxide surfaces behave in a similar ... - Read More

2-D electronics take a step forward: Semiconducting films for atom-thick circuits

Films
Scientists at Rice University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL have advanced on the goal of two dimensional electronics with a method to control the growth of uniform atomic layers of molybdenum disulfide MDS MDS ... - Read More

Nuclear testing from the 1960s helps scientist determine whether adult brains generate new neurons

Nuclear
The birth of new neurons in the adult brain sharpens memory in rodents but whether the same holds true for humans has long been debated A study published by Cell Press June 6th in the ... - Read More

Three-billion-year-old microfossils include plankton

Carbon, carbon
Spindle shaped inclusions in three billion year old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time according to an international team of researchers It is surprising to ... - Read More

NASA to study how pollution, storms and climate mix

NASA
NASA aircraft will take to the skies over the southern United States this summer to investigate how air pollution and natural emissions which are pushed high into the atmosphere by large storms affect atmospheric composition ... - Read More
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