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News articles about "Carbon"

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

Non-precious metal catalysts outperforming Pt-based one

Catalysts
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER and Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new family of non precious metal catalysts These catalysts exhibit better performance ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

In water as in love, likes can attract

Water, Water, Water
At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel This is a universal scientific truth except when it isn't A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist ... - Read More

Researchers Discover Evidence to Support Controversial Theory of 'Buckyball' Formation

theranostics This approach will provide an important component for tomorrow’s arsenal of precision medicine ” Dorn and Zhang’s research collaborators include Faye Bowles a graduate student researcher Marilyn Olmstead a professor of chemistry and Alan ... - Read More

Tropical forest carbon absorption may hinge on an odd couple

Carbon, carbon
A unique housing arrangement between a specific group of tree species and a carbo loading bacteria may determine how well tropical forests can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere according to a Princeton University based ... - Read More

Tropical forests 'fix' themselves: Nitrogen fixation in tropics has far-reaching implications for global warming

Global warming, Nitrogen, nitrogen, Global warming
Tropical forests speed their own recovery capturing nitrogen and carbon faster after being logged or cleared for agriculture Researchers working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama think the discovery that trees turn up ... - Read More

Evidence to support controversial theory of 'buckyball' formation

Fullerenes
Researchers at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have reported the first experimental evidence that supports the theory that a soccer ball shaped nanoparticle commonly called a buckyball is the result of a breakdown of ... - Read More

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change

In a series of papers to be presented next week scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to ... - Read More

Super efficient combustion engine emits half the carbon dioxide

Combustion, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Combustion, carbon
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed an internal combustion engine that emits less than half the CO2 compared to a regular engine without compromising performance This corresponds to fuel consumption of less than 2.4l per ... - Read More

Spider silk coated with carbon nanotubes has multiple surprising uses

Carbon nanotubes
Eden Steven a physicist at Florida State University's MagLab facility discovered that simple methods can result in surprising and environmentally friendly high tech outcomes during his experiments with spider silk and carbon nanotubes the results ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Carbon farming schemes should consider multiple cobenefits

Carbon markets and related international schemes that allow payments to landholders for planting trees sometimes called carbon farming are intended to support sequestration of carbon from the atmosphere But they will have harmful effects such ... - Read More

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria may weaken ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide

Ocean, Ocean
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More

Century old chemistry problem solved: Foundational reaction on stubborn chemicals may improve drug synthesis

Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI have found a way to apply a foundational reaction of organic chemistry to a stubborn class of chemicals in a transformation that has been thought impossible for a ... - Read More

Probing methane's secrets: From diamonds to Neptune

Neptune
Hydrocarbons from Earth make up the oil and gas that heat our homes and fuel our cars The study of the various phases of molecules formed from carbon and hydrogen under high pressures and temperatures ... - Read More

Molecular mirror images assigned: Safer drugs thanks to a new solution to a 150-year-old chemistry problem?

Solution
Just like gloves molecules come in so called left handed and right handed versions Until now however it could be determined only with great difficulty whether a certain molecule is right handed or left handed ... - Read More

Cilantro, That Favorite Salsa Ingredient, Purifies Drinking Water

shows promise as a much needed new “biosorbent” for removing lead and other potentially toxic heavy metals from contaminated water “Cilantro may seem too pricey for use in decontaminating large amounts of water for drinking ... - Read More
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