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News articles about "Carbon"

New 'T-ray' tech converts light to sound for weapons detection, medical imaging

A device that essentially listens for light waves could help open up the last frontier of the electromagnetic spectrum the terahertz range So called T rays which are light waves too long for human eyes ... - Read More

Scientists investigate the role of the 'silent killer' inside deep-diving animals

With its imperceptible features carbon monoxide is widely known as the silent killer due to its risks at lethal concentrations Far less known is that carbon monoxide is produced naturally in small quantities in humans ... - Read More

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

Control methane now, greenhouse gas expert warns

As the shale gas boom continues the atmosphere receives more methane adding to Earth’s greenhouse gas problem Robert Howarth greenhouse gas expert and ecology and environmental biology professor fears that we may not be many ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Flexible supercapacitor raises bar for volumetric energy density; Could be woven into clothes to power devices

Scientists have taken a large step toward making a fiber like energy storage device that can be woven into clothing and power wearable medical monitors communications equipment or other small electronics The device is a ... - Read More

Graphene and painkiller receptor combined into scalable chemical sensor

Almost every biological process involves sensing the presence of a certain chemical Finely tuned over millions of years of evolution the body's different receptors are shaped to accept certain target chemicals When they bind the ... - Read More

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

Super-charged tropical trees: Borneo’s productive trees vitally important for global carbon cycling

A team of scientists has found that the woody growth of forests in north Borneo is half as great again as in the most productive forests of north west Amazonia an average difference of 3.2 ... - Read More

Greenland melting due equally to global warming, natural variations

The rapid melting of Greenland glaciers is captured in the documentary Chasing Ice The retreat of the ice edge from one year to the next sends more water into the sea Now University of Washington ... - Read More

As carbon dioxide levels rise, some crop nutrients will fall, researchers find

Researchers have some bad news for future farmers and eaters As carbon dioxide levels rise this century some grains and legumes will become significantly less nutritious than they are today The new findings are reported ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Nanoengineers develop basis for electronics that stretch at the molecular level

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego are asking what might be possible if semiconductor materials were flexible and stretchable without sacrificing electronic function Today's flexible electronics are already enabling a new generation of ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Synthesized 'solar' jet fuel: Renewable kerosene from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide

With the first ever production of synthesized solar jet fuel the EU funded SOLAR JET project has successfully demonstrated the entire production chain for renewable kerosene obtained directly from sunlight water and carbon dioxide CO2 ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Playing pool with carbon atoms: How to change the crystal structure of graphene

A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More
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