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News articles about "Carbon"

Cooling to almost absolute zero with magnetic molecules

An international team of scientists have become the first ever researchers to successfully reach temperatures below minus 272.15 degrees Celsius only just above absolute zero using magnetic molecules The physicists and chemists are presenting their ... - Read More

Special microscope captures defects in nanotubes

University of Oregon chemists have devised a way to see the internal structures of electronic waves trapped in carbon nanotubes by external electrostatic charges Carbon nanotubes have been touted as exceptional materials with unique properties ... - Read More

Breeding soybeans that can tolerate heat, drought

Hot dry conditions can wreak havoc on a field of soybeans According to the National Center for Soybean Technology drought is the greatest threat to profitability Work underway at South Dakota State University may change ... - Read More

Breathing sand: New measurement technique detects oxygen supply to bottom of North Sea

New analytical methods show for the first time how the permeable sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange Because the metabolic rate is ... - Read More

Ocean's living carbon pumps: When viruses attack giant algal blooms, global carbon cycles are affected

When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More

Researchers patent a nanofluid that improves heat conductivity

Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I UJI have developed and patented a nanofluid improving thermal conductivity at temperatures up to 400°C without assuming an increase in costs or a remodeling of the infrastructure This progress ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

See-through, one-atom-thick, carbon electrodes powerful tool to study brain disorders

Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine and School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have used graphene a two dimensional form of carbon only one atom thick ... - Read More

Impact of offshore wind farms on marine species

Offshore wind power is a valuable source of renewable energy that can help reduce carbon emissions Technological advances are allowing higher capacity turbines to be installed in deeper water but there is still much unknown ... - Read More

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen

Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology the study of tiny fossilized organisms to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event ... - Read More

Simple and versatile way to build 3-D materials of the future

Researchers in Japan have developed a novel yet simple technique called diffusion driven layer by layer assembly to construct graphene into porous three dimensional 3D structures for applications in devices such as batteries and supercapacitors ... - Read More

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying carbon dioxide levels

Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2. Previous studies have found that the Miocene climatic optimum a ... - Read More

Importance of dead jellyfish to deep-sea ecosystems

Innovative experiments carried out by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre NOC and abroad show that dead jellyfish contribute to the deep sea food chain unlike previously thought Researchers from the UK Norway and Hawaii ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Power of thorium for improved nuclear design explored by scientists

The UK is playing a key role in an international project to develop a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer more cost effective compact quicker and less disruptive to build than ... - Read More

A brighter design emerges for low-cost, 'greener' LED light bulbs

The phase out of traditional incandescent bulbs in the U S and elsewhere as well as a growing interest in energy efficiency has given LED lighting a sales boost However that trend could be short ... - Read More

Global natural gas boom alone won't slow climate change

A new analysis of global energy use economics and the climate shows that without new climate policies expanding the current bounty of inexpensive natural gas alone would not slow the growth of global greenhouse gas ... - Read More
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