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News articles about "Carbon"

Diet likely changed game for some hominids 3.5 million years ago

Carbon, carbon
A new look at the diets of ancient African hominids shows a game changer occurred about 3.5 million years ago when some members added grasses or sedges to their menus according to a new study ... - Read More

New study predicts rising irrigation costs, reduced yields for US corn

Water, Water, Water
If the climate continues to evolve as predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the United States stands little to no chance of satisfying its current biofuel goals according to a new study by ... - Read More

Acceleration of ocean denitrification during deglaciation documented

As ice sheets melted during the deglaciation of the last ice age and global oceans warmed oceanic oxygen levels decreased and denitrification accelerated by 30 to 120 percent a new international study shows creating oxygen ... - Read More

Dairy's carbon footprint: Flatulence tops the list

Carbon, carbon
Researchers at the University of Arkansas are attempting to help the U S dairy industry decrease its carbon footprint as concentrations of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reach record levels In 2007 Americans consumed approximately ... - Read More

Elevated carbon dioxide making arid regions greener

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Scientists have long suspected that a flourishing of green foliage around the globe observed since the early 1980s in satellite data springs at least in part from the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

Land-based carbon offsets: False hope? Forest and soil carbon is important, but does not offset fossil fuel emissions

Carbon, carbon
Leading world climate change experts have thrown cold water on the idea that planting trees can offset carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels Professor Brendan Mackey of Griffith University Climate Change Response Program is the ... - Read More

Rainforests take the heat, paleontologists show

Heat
South American rainforests thrived during three extreme global warming events in the past say paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in a new report published in the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science ... - Read More

Global warming caused by CFCs, not carbon dioxide, researcher claims in controversial study

Carbon, Global warming, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Global warming, carbon
Chlorofluorocarbons CFCs are to blame for global warming since the 1970s and not carbon dioxide according to a researcher from the University of Waterloo in a controversial new study published in the International Journal of ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More

High-efficiency zinc-air battery developed

Battery
Stanford University scientists have developed an advanced zinc air battery with higher catalytic activity and durability than similar batteries made with costly platinum and iridium catalysts The results published in the May 7 online edition ... - Read More

Hybrid carbon nanotube yarn muscle

Carbon nanotube
Professor Seon Jeong Kim of Hanyang University has created a high capacity yarn muscle that does not require electrolytes or special packaging It will have a big impact in the motor biological and robot industry ... - Read More

Diamonds, nanotubes find common ground in graphene

Diamond
What may be the ultimate heat sink is only possible because of yet another astounding capability of graphene The one atom thick form of carbon can act as a go between that allows vertically aligned ... - Read More

Charge your mobile phone with formic acid?

Acid
Surprisingly the answer is yes With the technology of today it is possible to use environmental friendly formic acid in fuel cell powering your mobile phone or laptop Physicist Florian Nitze Umeå University in Sweden ... - Read More

Scientists narrow global warming range

Australian scientists have narrowed the predicted range of global warming through groundbreaking new research Scientists from the University of Melbourne and Victoria University have generated what they say are more reliable projections of global warming ... - Read More

Fast-sinking jellyfish could boost the oceans' uptake of carbon dioxide

Fast, Oceans
The oceans absorb about 25 percent of the carbon dioxide CO2 emitted by human activities Since the industrial revolution they have taken up about half of the human made CO2. Billions of planktonic organisms too ... - Read More

Scientists develop CO2 sequestration technique

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
Lawrence Livermore scientists have discovered and demonstrated a new technique to remove and store atmospheric carbon dioxide while generating carbon negative hydrogen and producing alkalinity which can be used to offset ocean acidification The team ... - Read More

Formula for turning cement into 'metal'

Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass
In a move that would make the Alchemists of King Arthur's time green with envy scientists have unraveled the formula for turning liquid cement into liquid metal This makes cement a semi conductor and opens ... - Read More

Stitching defects into world’s thinnest semiconductor

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
In pioneering new research at Columbia University scientists have grown high quality crystals of molybdenum disulfide MoS2 the world's thinnest semiconductor and studied how these crystals stitch together at the atomic scale to form continuous ... - Read More
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