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News articles about "Carbon"

Pollutants from incense smoke cause human lung-cell inflammation

Burning incense a popular cultural practice in many parts of the world generates indoor air pollutants that may cause inflammation in human lung cells say researchers in the Gillings School of Global Public Health at ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

More accurate model of climate change's effect on soil

Scientists from UC Irvine and the National Center for Atmospheric Research have developed a new computer model to measure global warming's effect on soil worldwide that accounts for how bacteria and fungi in soil control ... - Read More

New water splitting technique efficiently produces hydrogen fuel

Fuel
A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a radically new technique that uses the power of sunlight to efficiently split water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen paving the way for the broad ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Could planting trees in the desert mitigate climate change?

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
As the world starts feeling the effects of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and consequent global temperature rise researchers are looking for a Plan B to mitigate climate change A group of German scientists has now ... - Read More

Airborne campaign preparing to probe pollution-climate link

Probe
The floor of a NASA hangar and an adjacent laboratory in Southern California's high desert have been in constant motion this month as scientists prepare their instruments for installation on two of the agency's specialized ... - Read More

Sediment trapped behind dams makes them 'hot spots' for greenhouse gas emissions

With the green reputation of large hydroelectric dams already in question scientists are reporting that millions of smaller dams on rivers around the world make an important contribution to the greenhouse gases linked to global ... - Read More

Surprising result discovered when looking into effects of carbon nanotubes and soil sorption of toxicants

When it comes to carbon nanotubes CNTs in the soil recent research at Texas Tech University shows that the new materials do not affect the sorption of the toxic part of oil called polycyclic aromatic ... - Read More

Physicists discover theoretical possibility of large, hollow magnetic cage molecules

molecules
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have discovered in theory the possibility of creating large hollow magnetic cage molecules that could one day be used in medicine as a drug delivery system to non invasively treat tumors ... - Read More

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

How does hydrogen metallize?

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Hydrogen is deceptively simple It has only a single electron per atom but it powers the sun and forms the majority of the observed universe As such it is naturally exposed to the entire range ... - Read More

Water clears path for nanoribbon development

New research at Rice University shows how water makes it practical to form long graphene nanoribbons less than 10 nanometers wide And it's unlikely that many of the other labs currently trying to harness the ... - Read More

Rocks can restore our climate ... after 300,000 years

A study of a global warming event that happened 93 million years ago suggests that the Earth can recover from high carbon dioxide emissions faster than thought but that this process takes around 300 000 ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More
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