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News articles about "Carbon"

Oxygen-depleted toxic oceans had key role in mass extinction over 200 million years ago

Changes in the biochemical balance of the ocean were a crucial factor in the end Triassic mass extinction during which half of all plant animal and marine life on Earth perished according to new research ... - Read More

Life for microbial specialists in the poisonous breath of sleeping volcanoes

Researchers of the University Jena analyze the microbial community in volcanically active soils In a mofette close to the Czech river Plesná in north western Bohemia the team working with Prof Dr Kirsten Küsel found ... - Read More

From tobacco to cyberwood

Humans have been inspired by nature since the beginning of time We mimic nature to develop new technologies with examples ranging from machinery to pharmaceuticals to new materials Planes are modelled on birds and many ... - Read More

Wrapping carbon nanotubes in polymers enhances their performance

Scientists at Japan's Kyushu University say polymer wrapped carbon nanotubes hold much promise in biotechnology and energy applications   Scientists first reported carbon nanotubes in the early 1990s Since then these tiny cylinders have been ... - Read More

An efficient path from carbon to renewable fuel production

Earth abundant materials based primarily on carbon nitrogen and transition metal oxides can be combined into highly efficient energy conversion devices These devices can be used in fuel cells as well as in electrolysis This ... - Read More

Scientists Track Ultrafast Creation of a Catalyst with X-ray Laser

Released 1 Apr 2015 2 35 PM EDTSource Newsroom SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature 2 April 2015 10.1038 nature14296 Apr 2 ... - Read More

Travelling pollution: East Asian human activities affect air quality in remote tropical forests

Researchers from the UK and Malaysia have detected a human fingerprint deep in the Borneo rainforest in Southeast Asia Cold winds blowing from the north carry industrial pollutants from East Asia to the equator with ... - Read More

Bacteria play an important role in long term storage of carbon in the ocean

The ocean is a large reservoir of dissolved organic molecules and many of these molecules are stable against microbial utilization for hundreds to thousands of years They contain a similar amount of carbon as compared ... - Read More

Soil organic matter susceptible to climate change

Soil organic matter long thought to be a semi permanent storehouse for ancient carbon may be much more vulnerable to climate change than previously thought Plants direct between 40 percent and 60 percent of photosynthetically ... - Read More

'Atomic chicken-wire' is key to faster DNA sequencing

An unusual and very exciting form of carbon that can be created by drawing on paper looks to hold the key to real time high throughput DNA sequencing a technique that would revolutionise medical research ... - Read More

How to make a profit from rotting garbage

Landfills can make a profit from all their rotting waste and a new patent explains exactly how to make the most out of the stinky garbage sites Decomposing trash produces methane a landfill gas that ... - Read More

Spring plankton bloom hitches ride to sea's depths on ocean eddies

Just as crocus and daffodil blossoms signal the start of a warmer season on land a similar greening event a massive bloom of microscopic plants or phytoplankton unfolds each spring in the North Atlantic Ocean ... - Read More

Materials Genomics Initiative: Sequencing the DNA of things

The process of trial and error in scientific research is costly and time consuming And while scientific innovation and discovery is necessary to find solutions to some of society's largest challenges think clean energy national ... - Read More

Deadly Japan earthquake and tsunami spurred global warming, ozone loss

Buildings destroyed by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake released thousands of tons of climate warming and ozone depleting chemicals into the atmosphere according to a new study New research suggests that the thousands of buildings destroyed ... - Read More

Novel plastic could spur new green energy applications, 'artificial muscles'

A plastic used in filters and tubing has an unusual trait It can produce electricity when pulled or pressed This ability has been used in small ways but now researchers are coaxing fibers of the ... - Read More

Simple method of binding pollutants in water

New types of membrane adsorbers remove unwanted particles from water and also at the same time dissolved substances such as the hormonally active bis phenol A or toxic lead To do this researchers at the ... - Read More

Agricultural waste could be used as biofuel

Straw powered cars could be a thing of the future thanks to new research from the University of East Anglia UEA A new study pinpoints five strains of yeast capable of turning agricultural by products ... - Read More

Novel Plastic Could Spur New Green Energy Applications, 'Artificial Muscles'

Voit needs to make them more powerful One approach for accomplishing this was developed by a UT Dallas colleague Ray Baughman Ph D took a bundle of nylon fibers about the width of ten strands ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases unbalanced: How human intervention changes wetlands

Natural wetlands usually emit methane and sequester carbon dioxide Anthropogenic interventions in particular the conversion of wetlands for agriculture result in a significant increase in CO2 emissions which overcompensate potential decreases in methane emission A ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More
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