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News articles about "Carbon"

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

How does hydrogen metallize?

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Hydrogen is deceptively simple It has only a single electron per atom but it powers the sun and forms the majority of the observed universe As such it is naturally exposed to the entire range ... - Read More

Water clears path for nanoribbon development

New research at Rice University shows how water makes it practical to form long graphene nanoribbons less than 10 nanometers wide And it's unlikely that many of the other labs currently trying to harness the ... - Read More

Rocks can restore our climate ... after 300,000 years

A study of a global warming event that happened 93 million years ago suggests that the Earth can recover from high carbon dioxide emissions faster than thought but that this process takes around 300 000 ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20-meter sea level rise, five million years ago

sea, Ice
Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20 meter sea level rise, five million years ago

Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

First atlas on oceanic plankton

Ocean, organisms, Ocean, organisms
In an international collaborative project scientists have recorded the times places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill Oceans ... - Read More

Scientists discover new variability in iron supply to the oceans with climate implications

Oceans
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

In the zone: How scientists search for habitable planets

Planets
There is only one planet we know of so far that is drenched with life That planet is Earth as you may have guessed and it has all the right conditions for critters to thrive ... - Read More

'Impossible' material made with record-breaking surface area and water adsorption abilities

Material, Adsorption, Adsorption, Material
A novel material with world record breaking surface area and water adsorption abilities has been synthesized by researchers from Uppsala University Sweden The results are published today in PLOS ONE The magnesium carbonate material that ... - Read More

New thermocell could harvest 'waste heat' from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes

Heat
Harvesting waste heat from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes could soon provide a valuable supply of electricity A small team of Monash University researchers working under the Australian Research Council ARC Centre of ... - Read More
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