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News articles about "Carbon"

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More

Composite plane life cycle assessment shows lighter planes are the future

A global fleet of composite planes could reduce carbon emissions by up to 15 per cent but the lighter planes alone will not enable the aviation industry to meet its emissions targets according to new ... - Read More

Cost of cloud brightening for cooler planet revealed

University of Manchester scientists have identified the most energy efficient way to make clouds more reflective to the sun in a bid to combat climate change Marine Cloud Brightening is a reversible geoengineering method proposed ... - Read More

Future batteries: Lithium-sulfur with a graphene wrapper

What do you get when you wrap a thin sheet of the wonder material graphene around a novel multifunctional sulfur electrode that combines an energy storage unit and electron ion transfer networks An extremely promising ... - Read More

Carbon-trapping 'sponges' can cut greenhouse gases

In the fight against global warming carbon capture chemically trapping carbon dioxide before it releases into the atmosphere is gaining momentum but standard methods are plagued by toxicity corrosiveness and inefficiency Using a bag of ... - Read More

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'

New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures Their work is the ... - Read More

Air pollution down thanks to California's regulation of diesel trucks

Ever wonder what's in the black cloud that emits from some semi trucks that you pass on the freeway Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab scientist Thomas Kirchstetter knows very precisely what's in there having ... - Read More

Detecting gases wirelessly, cheaply

MIT chemists have devised a new way to wirelessly detect hazardous gases and environmental pollutants using a simple sensor that can be read by a smartphone These inexpensive sensors could be widely deployed making it ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

'Trojan horse' proteins: step forward for nanoparticle-based anti-cancer, anti-dementia therapeutic approaches

Scientists at Brunel University London have found a way of targeting hard to reach cancers and degenerative diseases using nanoparticles but without causing the damaging side effects the treatment normally brings In a huge step ... - Read More

Nanoshaping method points to future manufacturing technology

A new method that creates large area patterns of three dimensional nanoshapes from metal sheets represents a potential manufacturing system to inexpensively mass produce innovations such as plasmonic metamaterials for advanced technologies The metamaterials have ... - Read More

Abandoned wells can be 'super-emitters' of greenhouse gas

Princeton University researchers have uncovered a previously unknown and possibly substantial source of the greenhouse gas methane to Earth's atmosphere After testing a sample of abandoned oil and natural gas wells in northwestern Pennsylvania the ... - Read More

Defects are perfect in laser-induced graphene

Researchers at Rice University have created flexible patterned sheets of multilayer graphene from a cheap polymer by burning it with a computer controlled laser The process works in air at room temperature and eliminates the ... - Read More

Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification

A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Easy measurement of the effect of fine dust

Fine dusts from industry traffic and households are omnipresent Still they are difficult to capture by reliable medical measurements KIT researchers have now developed an exposure system by means of which biological cells are exposed ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Looking at El Niño's past to predict its future

The El Niño Southern Oscillation is Earth's main source of year to year climate variability but its response to global warming remains highly uncertain Scientists see a large amount of variability in the El Niño ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More
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