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News articles about "Biosphere"

Goldilocks principle: Earth's continued habitability due to geologic cycles that act as climate control

Researchers from USC and Nanjing University in China have documented evidence suggesting that part of the reason that Earth has become neither sweltering like Venus nor frigid like Mars lies with a built in atmospheric ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances

Yield
Researchers at Oregon State University and the University of Oregon today announced a scientific advance that has eluded researchers for more than 100 years a platform to study and fully understand the aqueous chemistry of ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Earth's wobble 'fixes' dinner for marine organisms

marine, organisms, Marine, Earth, organisms, earth
The cyclic wobble of Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean according to a new study in the journal Nature The discovery of factors that ... - Read More

Seasonal carbon dioxide range expanding as more is added to Earth's atmosphere

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Earth, Atmosphere, Atmosphere, carbon, earth
Levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere rise and fall each year as plants through photosynthesis and respiration take up the gas in spring and summer and release it in fall and winter Now the ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

New theory proposes solution to long-running debate as to how stable the Earth system is

System, Earth system, Solution
Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed an answer to the long running debate as to how stable the Earth system is Earth with its core driven magnetic field oceans of liquid water dynamic ... - Read More

Brighter clouds, cooler climate? Organic vapors affect clouds, leading to previously unidentified climate cooling

Climate, climate
University of Manchester scientists writing in the journal Nature Geoscience have shown that natural emissions and humanmade pollutants can both have an unexpected cooling effect on Earth's climate by making clouds brighter Clouds are made ... - Read More

Global nitrogen availability consistent for past 500 years linked to carbon levels

Carbon, Nitrogen, nitrogen, carbon
A Kansas State University research team has found that despite humans increasing nitrogen production through industrialization nitrogen availability in many ecosystems has remained steady for the past 500 years Their work appears in the journal ... - Read More

Life deep within oceanic crust sustained by energy from interior of Earth

Crust
The core drill slides through a drill pipe extending from the drill ship at the sea surface through a water depth of 2.5 km and hundreds of metres of sediment into the oceanic crust off ... - Read More

Researchers find new information about 'Snowball Earth' period

It is rather difficult to imagine but approximately 635 million years ago ice may have covered a vast portion of our planet in an event called Snowball Earth According to the Snowball Earth hypothesis the ... - Read More

Formation of nanoparticles can now be studied molecule-by-molecule

Atmospheric aerosol particles affect our climate by slowing down the global warming After years of studying the international research group led by Academy Professor Markku Kulmala from the University of Helsinki Department of Physics Finland ... - Read More

Shedding light on role of Amazon forests in global carbon cycle

Light, Carbon
Earth's forests perform a well known service to the planet absorbing a great deal of the carbon dioxide pollution emitted into the atmosphere from human activities But when trees are killed by natural disturbances such ... - Read More

Did an 8th century gamma ray burst irradiate Earth?

Gamma ray
A nearby short duration gamma ray burst may be the cause of an intense blast of high energy radiation that hit the Earth in the 8th century according to new research led by astronomers Valeri ... - Read More
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