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News articles about "Biology"

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring

Setting effective conservation policies requires near real time knowledge of environmental conditions Scientists with Stanford's Center for Ocean Solutions propose using genetic techniques as a low cost quick way to collect such data Environmental policy ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Emperor penguin in peril

An international team of scientists studying Emperor penguin populations across Antarctica finds the iconic animals in danger of dramatic declines by the end of the century due to climate change Their study published today in ... - Read More

Scientists use X-rays to look at how DNA protects itself from UV light

The molecular building blocks that make up DNA absorb ultraviolet light so strongly that sunlight should deactivate them yet it does not Now scientists have made detailed observations of a relaxation response that protects these ... - Read More

Marine Bacteria Are Natural Source of Chemical Fire Retardants

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 6 29 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego Health Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More

Scientists Find the Shocking Truth About Electric Fish

larger cells organized in sequence and capable of generating much higher voltages than those used to make muscles work “If you remove the ability of the muscle cell to contract and change the distribution of ... - Read More

Nature's Chem Lab: How Microorganisms Manufacture Drugs

all with diverse complementary expertise that enable game changing discoveries like this Håkansson said Skiniotis Sherman and Smith are faculty members in the U M Life Sciences Institute where their laboratories are located and research ... - Read More

Toward 24-7 glucose monitoring to help manage diabetes

Nearly half a million people with diabetes end up in emergency rooms around the U S every year due to the seizures and other consequences of dropping or spiking blood sugar levels associated with the ... - Read More

Details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells explained

Sometimes a cell has to die when it's done with its job or inflicted with injury that could otherwise harm an organism Conversely cells that refuse to die when expected can lead to cancer So ... - Read More

Targeting tumors using silver nanoparticles

Scientists at UC Santa Barbara have designed a nanoparticle that has a couple of unique and important properties Spherical in shape and silver in composition it is encased in a shell coated with a peptide ... - Read More

Climate change: Termites, fungi play more important role in decomposition than temperature

Climate change models could have a thing or two to learn from termites and fungi according to a new study released this week For a long time scientists have believed that temperature is the dominant ... - Read More

Fecal source tracking in Norwegian water catchments: New methods

The Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Bioforsk has tested and implemented a set of methods for the detection of fecal pollution in Norwegian watercourses The methods which combine microbial and molecular biological techniques ... - Read More

Unmasking viral invaders with mass spectrometry

If you have it you probably don't know it Cytomegalovirus or CMV is perhaps one of the biggest pathogens you've never heard of big both proportionately and epidemiologically It contains approximately 200 genes compared to ... - Read More

How red tide knocks out its competition

New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables but doesn't kill other species of algae The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem Marine ... - Read More

New insights into biomass breakdown provided by scientists

Scientists at the University of York are playing a key role in the quest for a better understanding of how a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade hard to digest biomass into its constituent ... - Read More

Saving trees in tropics could cut emissions by one-fifth, study shows

Reducing deforestation in the tropics would significantly cut the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by as much as one fifth research shows In the first study of its kind scientists have calculated ... - Read More

Long-sought molecular map of critical genetic machinery developed

A team led by researchers at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI has used advanced electron microscopy techniques to determine the first accurate structural map of Mediator one of the largest and most complex molecular machines ... - Read More

Scientists Capture Most Detailed Images Yet of Tiny Cellular Machines

are intimately linked together in a type of molecular symbiosis The structure yields clues about the relationship and the relative ages of RNA and proteins once thought to be much wider apart on an evolutionary ... - Read More

Vanderbilt Scientists Discover That Chemical Element Bromine Is Essential To Human Life

Released 6 4 2014 10 30 AM EDTEmbargo expired 6 5 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University Medical Center more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations ... - Read More

Microbes engineered for direct conversion of biomass to fuel

The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass a sustainable carbon neutral route to American energy independence has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process New research from the University ... - Read More
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