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News articles about "Biology"

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Molecular structure reveals how HIV infects cells

molecular structure
In a long awaited finding a team of Chinese and US scientists has determined the high resolution atomic structure of a cell surface receptor that most strains of HIV use to get into human immune ... - Read More

Simple textiles can be used with catalysts to enable complex chemical reactions

Complex, Catalysts, Reactions
In future it will be much easier to produce some active pharmaceutical substances and chemical compounds than was the case to date An international team working with chemists from the Max Planck Institut für Kohlenforschung ... - Read More

New Findings From UNC School of Medicine Challenge Assumptions About Origins of Life

enzymes that actually assemble the RNA molecule Finding an Urzyme that serves that purpose would help answer that question The study’s co authors include Li Li of UNC and Christopher Francklyn of the University of ... - Read More

The Real Reason to Worry About Bees

a condition sometimes termed colony collapse disorder CCD Although honeybees have been doing better in recent years something continues to kill about 1 in every 3 honeybees each year He spoke at a symposium on ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble

Gel
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt The self ... - Read More

Droplet Digital PCR enables reproducible quantification of microRNA biomarkers

A study published online in Nature Methods today demonstrated that Droplet Digital PCR ddPCR™ technology can be used to precisely and reproducibly quantify microRNA miRNA in plasma and serum across different days paving the way ... - Read More

Hydraulic fracturing in Michigan investigated

Gas
University of Michigan researchers today released seven technical reports that together form the most comprehensive Michigan focused resource on hydraulic fracturing the controversial natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The studies ... - Read More

Blue-green algae a five-tool player in converting waste to fuel

In the baseball world a superstar can do five things exceptionally well hit hit for power run throw and field said Fuzhong Zhang In the parallel universe of the microbiological world there is a current ... - Read More

DNA 'cages' may aid drug delivery

Drug delivery
Nanoscale cages made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus McGill University researchers report in a new study The research published online Sept 1 ... - Read More

New low-temperature chemical reaction explained

Temperature, Reaction, Reaction, temperature
In all the centuries that humans have studied chemical reactions just 36 basic types of reactions have been found Now thanks to the work of researchers at MIT and the University of Minnesota a 37th ... - Read More

New laser-based tool could dramatically improve the accuracy of brain tumor surgery

tumor
A new laser based technology may make brain tumor surgery much more accurate allowing surgeons to tell cancer tissue from normal brain at the microscopic level while they are operating and avoid leaving behind cells ... - Read More

Researchers Find Promising New Angle for Drugs to Prevent Stroke and Heart Attack

a side effect that is particularly troublesome when these drugs are used to prevent thrombosis in people undergoing heart surgery “There’s still room for improvement in terms of making an ideal drug that can block ... - Read More

Transparent artificial muscle plays music to prove a point

materials, Materials
In a materials science laboratory at Harvard University a transparent disk connected to a laptop fills the room with music it's the Morning prelude from Peer Gynt played on an ionic speaker No ordinary speaker ... - Read More

Drug Blocks Light Sensors in Eye That May Trigger Migraine Attacks

Released 8 26 2013 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Salk Institute for Biological Studies more news from this source Aug 30 2013 LA JOLLA CA For many migraine sufferers bright lights are a surefire way ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More
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